Biotechnology and Molecular Biology Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Biotechnol. Mol. Biol. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1538-2273
  • DOI: 10.5897/BMBR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 101

Review

Swine flu: A threat to human health

Syeda Samra Iqbal Jafri*, Muhammad Ilyas and Muhammad Idrees
National Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 30 June 2010
  •  Published: 31 August 2010

Abstract

Influenza virus has caused major global epidemics since 1918. Although this commonly circulating viral strain is not virulent enough to cause mortality, but the re-assortment of viral genome to mutate at a very high rate can lead to the emergence of a highly virulent strain that may lead to next pandemics. Swine flu is an example of re-assortment of two viruses in pig causing thousands of deaths in the whole world especially in the United States of America by zoonotic jumps. This review addresses the biological and epidemiological aspects of swine flu virus and efforts to have a control on the virus globally.

 

Key words: Swine influenza, serotypes, pandemic, vaccine.

Abbreviation

SARS, Severe acute respiratory syndrome; CDC, Centre of Disease Control; WHO, World Health Organization; DHS, Department of Homeland Security; FDA, Federal Drug Administration.