International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 625

Full Length Research Paper

Timber species assessment in Wari-Maro forest in Benin Republic

Adéyèmi CHABI1*, Vincent Joseph MAMA2, Vincent OREKAN3, and Brice TENTE3
1Research and Social Actions for Development (ReSAD) NGO, BP: 2253 Abomey-Calavi, Benin. 2National Institute for Agricultural Research of Benin (INRAB) BP 1105 Cotonou, Bénin. 3Faculty of Letters, Arts and Human Sciences, Abomey-Calavi University.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 27 November 2012
  •  Published: 28 February 2013


Forest degradation has been worsening over the past years by the numerous populations seeking a means of living, without respecting minimum conservation rules. Converting forests into timber is another cause of deforestation. In Wari-Maro, a protected forest, timber tree species such as, Afzelia africana, Pterocarpus erinaceus, Khaya senegalensis, Pseudocedrela kostchyi, Ceibapentanda andChlorophora excels were exploited for commercial use in BeninThe study aimed to assess the status of timber (commercial timbers) species in Wari-Maro forest in Benin. The methodology used was based on satellite images processing for identification of the vegetation types. The sampling plots were established in each type of vegetation for assessing the different timbers species listed above. The results show that Afzelia africana was less than three plants per hectare and the extreme classes were not represented. The same results were obtained with Khaya senegalensis. The results have also shown that P. erinaceus and P. kostchyi were represented in all classes with the number of plants less than 8 per hectare. The analysis has proved that these last two species were overexploited after the scarcity of Afzelia africana and Khaya senegalensis. Furthermore, Pterocarpus erinaceus andPseudocedrela kostchyi were exported overseas.


Key words: Protected forest, Wari-Maro, timber species assessment, sampling plots, Benin.