International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 547

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of forest management approach on household economy and community participation in conservation: A case of Aberdare Forest Ecosystem, Kenya

Elizabeth W. Wambugu
  • Elizabeth W. Wambugu
  • Kenya Forest Service, P. O. Box 30513 – 00100 Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Gilbert O. Obwoyere
  • Gilbert O. Obwoyere
  • Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Environment and Resources Development, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536, 20115 Egerton, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Bernard K. Kirui
  • Bernard K. Kirui
  • Department of Natural Resources, Faculty of Environment and Resources Development, Egerton University, P. O. Box 536, 20115 Egerton, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 24 October 2017
  •  Accepted: 25 January 2018
  •  Published: 30 April 2018

Abstract

Forest ecosystems are important for ecological and socio-economic wellbeing, particularly for diversification of the livelihoods of adjacent communities. The forest management approach applied in an ecosystem influences availability, access and utilisation of forest products, and community participation in conservation. This study examined the effect of forest management approach on households’ economy and participation in forest management. A random sample of 202 households adjacent to Aberdare forest ecosystem was selected for characterisation and interviews using semi-structured questionnaires. Data collected were analysed using Chi-square test, Spearman’s rho correlation and multinomial logistic regression. Although the benefits varied with management approach, the majority of the households indicated the forest was beneficial as only 6% reported no benefits. There was a significant association between forest management approach and households’ sources of food (χ² = 27.704, p < 0.001), socio-economic status (χ² = 20.194, p < 0.001) importance of forest (χ² = 11.863, p < 0.001), forest dependence (χ² = 53.580, p < 0.001) and participation in forest management (χ² = 17.551, p < 0.001) at α = 0.05. The factors that significantly influenced the regression model included households’ dependence on the forest, socio-economic status and participation in forest management where R2 was 0.797. These findings depicted that when ecosystems made no substantial contributions to livelihoods, their value and the level of community participation in conservation was lower.

 

Key words: Conservation management approach, economic importance, forest dependence, household economy, participatory forest management, protection management approach.