International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 609

Full Length Research Paper

Woody fodder species in three agro-ecological Parklands of Arba Minch Zuria Woreda, Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Aynalem Gochera
  • Aynalem Gochera
  • Department of Natural Resource Management, College of Agricultural Sciences, Arbaminch University, Ethiopia.
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Simon Shibru
  • Simon Shibru
  • Department of Biology, College of Natural Science, Arba Minch University, Ethiopia.
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Yisehak Kechero
  • Yisehak Kechero
  • Department of Animal Science, College of Agricultural Sciences, Arbaminch University, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 09 May 2019
  •  Accepted: 28 August 2019
  •  Published: 31 January 2020

Abstract

This study was conducted in Arba Minch Zuria Woreda of SNNPR, Ethiopia on Parkland
agroforestry practices in three agro-ecological zones. The objective of the study was to investigate the fodder tree and shrub species composition, richness, diversity and structure. Key Informant Interviews and Focus Group Discussions were held. In total, ninety 50 m × 20 m plots were laid and standard procedures were followed. Forty nine woody species belonging to 43 genera and 31 families were identified as fodder species. Fabaceae represented by 7 species and Combertaceae and Moraceae (3 species each) were the most diverse families. Mid altitude (H’=2.98) is more diverse followed by High altitude (H’=2.23) and Low altitude agro-ecology (H’=1.94). Species in the low altitude were densely populated and have large basal area followed by mid altitude and high altitude. The top most important species with highest Importance Value Index (IVI) were Ficus sur (51.90), Ficus sycomorus (46.484) and Mangifera indica (60.161) High altitude, middle altitude and lower altitude, respectively. Generally, in the study area, there were diverse fodder trees and shrubs, all likely sources for farmers to feed livestock. So, there should be strong management and conservation practices to ensure future availability, continuous awareness raising efforts, and further study should be conducted for nutritional evaluation.

 

Key words: Fodder, diversity, Parkland, Arbaminch Zuria Woreda, agroforestry practices.