International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 646

Full Length Research Paper

Environmental sustainability of consumptive and non-consumptive wildlife tourists: The case of a game reserve in Namibia

Peet van der Merwe
  • Peet van der Merwe
  • School for Tourism Management, North West University, South Africa
  • Google Scholar
Elmarie Slabbert
  • Elmarie Slabbert
  • School for Tourism Management, North West University, South Africa
  • Google Scholar
Machiel Koch
  • Machiel Koch
  • School for Tourism Management, North West University, South Africa
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 30 August 2021
  •  Published: 29 October 2021

Abstract

Africa as a tourism destination is seen as a wildlife tourism hotspot that contributes significantly to job creation, community upliftment, and conservation. Wildlife tourism is based on encounters with non-domestic animals that can occur in either the animal’s natural environment or in captivity. The interaction with the animals includes activities that are historically classified as consumptive and non-consumptive. This research aims to determine the environmental impacts of wildlife tourists (consumptive and non-consumptive) based on their behaviour as perceived by senior staff managing a game reserve in Namibia. The study applied qualitative research, namely interviews, to encapsulate in-depth information. From the results, it can be concluded that, although both consumptive and non-consumptive wildlife tourists impact the environment at the game reserve, the behaviour of non-consumptive wildlife tourists seems to be more negative than that of consumptive wildlife tourists. The study further found that hunters behave in an eco-friendlier manner towards the environment and tend to be more concerned about their own impact on nature.

Key words: Wildlife tourism impacts; environmental impact; natural area tourism; protected area tourism; wildlife tourism.