International Journal of
Library and Information Science

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2537
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLIS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 242

Full Length Research Paper

Information needs and behaviours in developing countries: A perspective of Ranganathan’s Pmest categorization

Nwokocha Udo
  • Nwokocha Udo
  • Department of Library and Information Science, Abia State University Uturu, Nigeria.
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Jonathan Ndubuisi Chimah
  • Jonathan Ndubuisi Chimah
  • Energy Research Centre Library, University of Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 25 March 2014
  •  Published: 28 February 2015

Abstract

The information needs of people in the developing regions are for work-related activities, leisure, consumption, and daily survival. This paper aims to provide an understanding of the information needs and behaviours of people in developing regions. The paper further presents a highlight of concept of developing countries; analogy of the framework of the Ranganathan’s categorization of human knowledge (PMEST); analysis of the theory in relation to information needs and behaviours; Ranganathan and Facet Analysis. It also explores some general parameters influencing information-seeking behaviour of types or groups of individuals in developing countries. Some of the information-seeking behaviours include passive quests for information and heavy reliance on opinion leaders, rumours, and oral sources. This is due to low literacy levels and ignorance about other sources. People generally have not adopted the habit of utilizing information resources such as libraries and information centres in their work, life, and study.  Descriptive survey research designed was employed using documentary research which represents secondary sources of data collection. Methodology involves critical scrutinization and examination of existing data using qualitative descriptive analysis.
 
Key words: Information needs, information behaviours, developing countries, Ranganathan, PMEST.