This study examines the role of school libraries in supporting the new basic school curriculum to enhance the teaching and learning process and academic achievement. It explores a crucial facet of how school libraries and information services create literate environments that support basic education for all. A case study was adopted and structured interviews were conducted with six school head teachers. The purposive sampling technique was employed for the study. The study found that school library information resources are inputs that contribute to teaching and learning and provide an inclusive environment for students and teachers to achieve educational goals. Among the challenges facing school libraries were lack of funding and an acute deficit of relevant resources. The study recommends a legislated national library policy by the government to advance good and effective school libraries to promote quality education. Until school libraries are given the needed attention it deserves, quality education at the basic level will continue to suffer.
Keywords: School libraries, Basic school education, Public schools, Ghana