International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 535

Full Length Research Paper

Awareness of cervical cancer screening services and uptake of free liquid-based cytology test among brothel-based female sex workers in Sokoto State, Nigeria

Bilkisu Gulma Abubakar
  • Bilkisu Gulma Abubakar
  • Department of Community Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospita,l Sokoto, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 07 February 2023
  •  Accepted: 17 April 2023
  •  Published: 31 May 2023


There are few studies on the awareness and uptake of cervical cancer (Ca Cervix) screening services among Female Sex Workers (FSWs) in Nigeria despite the increased risk of Ca Cervix among FSWs and the potential benefit of early screening. The study aimed to assess the awareness, uptake, barriers to and predictors of uptake of Ca Cervix screening services among FSWs. A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 165 FSWs recruited via snowball sampling in Sokoto State, Nigeria. Participants were eligible for inclusion if they were brothel-based, had spent at least one year in the profession and were at least 21 years old or had debuted in sexual intercourse at least three years ago as the time of the study. A structured interviewer-administered questionnaire and a liquid-based cytology (LBC) test were used to obtain information. Data were analysed using IBM SPSS version 25. Ethical approval was obtained from the Health Research Ethics Committee of the Sokoto State Ministry of Health. Twenty (12.1%) and 11 (6.7%) of the respondents were aware of Ca Cervix and its screening services respectively. The commonest source of information was hospital/health workers 10 (50.0%). One (0.6%) of the respondents reported ever been screened for cervical cancer in the past and the highest proportion, 119 (72.1%), utilised the LBC test offered in this study. The commonest barriers to current uptake were lack of interest (93.5%) and invasion of privacy (73.9%). Consistent use of condoms with current partners was found to be a predictor of the uptake of the LBC test among the study participants. The low level of awareness of the disease and its screening tests underscores the need for health education and promotion intervention among FSWs by researchers, health workers and non-governmental organisations.

Key words: Awareness, cervical cancer, screening, female sex workers, uptake.