Maternal anemia (hypoferriemia) results in increased pre-term and low birth weight deliveries and higher rate of stillbirths. There are irreversible structural alterations in placenta. The transfer of iron to fetus is reduced in spite of gradient in relation to severity of maternal hypoferriemia. The fetal hepatic and brain iron contents were reduced. The brain iron reduction was irreversible on rehabilitation and was associated with irreversible neurotransmitter and their receptor alterations.
Key words: Maternal anemia, stillbirths, placenta.
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