International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 517

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of the pattern of antibiotics use in pediatrics ward of Dessie Referral Hospital, North East Ethiopia

Gizework Alemnew
  • Gizework Alemnew
  • Department of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Seyfe Asrade Atnafie*
  • Seyfe Asrade Atnafie*
  • Department of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 11 November 2014
  •  Accepted: 06 January 2015
  •  Published: 31 January 2015

Abstract

The main purpose is to assess the prescribing practice of antibiotic in pediatrics ward of DRH, North East Ethiopia. Methods: A hospital-based retrospective cross sectional study was used to assess patient cards for the past 1 year (June 2012- May 2013). Results: About 98 % of pediatrics was prescribed with at least one antibiotic. The most common diagnoses were severe pneumonia (19.6%) and Acute Gastroenteritis (AGE) with some dehydration (10.3%). The most commonly prescribed single antibiotics was crystalline penicillin (33.3%) and multiple antibiotics were ampicillin and gentamicin (62.9%).Accordingly, parenteral route accounted for 377(76%) and with a practice of parenteral to oral shift upon discharge in only 7.9% of cases. The average number of drugs per patient was 1.70±0.93 and antibiotics per patient were 1.457±0.599. More than 61.51% of the patients were exposed to at least two drugs. Conclusion: There is high percentage of antibiotics use in pediatrics ward of DRH and even some of them administered without proper indication. Proper treatment guidelines and policies should be practiced to promote judicious use of antibiotics.  

 

Key words: Antibiotic, pattern, pediatrics, Dessie referral hospital