International Journal of
Medicine and Medical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Med. Med. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9723
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJMMS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 526

Full Length Research Paper

Clinical outcomes of patients admitted in intensive care units of Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital of Hosanna, Southern Ethiopia

Mohammed Suleiman Obsa
  • Mohammed Suleiman Obsa
  • Department of Anesthesia, Wolaita Sodo University School of Medicine, Wolaita, Ethiopia.
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Abdi Oumer Adem
  • Abdi Oumer Adem
  • Department of Anesthesia, Wolaita Sodo University School of Medicine, Wolaita, Ethiopia.
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Getish Bezabih Gete
  • Getish Bezabih Gete
  • Department of Anesthesia, Wolaita Sodo University School of Medicine, Wolaita, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 25 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 23 March 2017
  •  Published: 30 June 2017

Abstract

An intensive care unit is a special department of hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine. Critically ill patients are admitted to the intensive care unit to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with acute illness, trauma or surgical procedures. This study aimed to assess clinical outcomes of patients admitted in intensive care units of Nigist Eleni Mohammed Memorial Hospital of Hosanna from January 2015 to January 2016. Institutional based cross sectional study design was conducted. All the study participants admitted to intensive care unit were included. Regular supervision and follow up was made. Data was entered into Epi info version 7 by investigators and was transported to SPSS version 20 for analysis. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was used to identify factors associated with patient’s outcome. A total of 280 clients were enrolled into the study of which 46.42% died. About 26% of patients were found in the age group of 20 to 24 years and majority of them were male (58.2%). Patient with head injury is about six times more likely to die in the intensive care unit than patients with small bowel obstruction (AOR 6.620 (95% CI ((468-93.584). There were poor outcomes of patients admitted to intensive care unit so that it was strongly recommended to improve quality of care.

 

Key word: Ethiopia, intensive care unit, cause of death, hospital discharge.

Abbreviation

ICU, Intensive care unit; JUSH, Jimma University Hospital; NEMMH,  Nigst   Eleni  Mohammed Memorial Hospital; SSA, sub-Saharan Africa.