International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2569

Full Length Research Paper

Asphaltic concrete facing for rockfill dams in arid and semi-arid countries: A case study of Alsourani Dam, Syria

Mohamad Al Chiblak1 and Lakhdar Djemili2*
  1Faculty of Civil Engineering Damascus, Damascus University, Syria. 2Department of Hydraulic, Faculty of Sciences Engineering, Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 November 2011
  •  Published: 30 December 2011



Asphaltic concrete lining for dams and storage reservoirs are today classified as state of the art technology. Storage reservoirs and dams are sealed with asphaltic concrete –world-wide. However, certain prerequisites are absolutely necessary for the successful use of this sealing method. First, there must be careful selection and suitability testing of the construction materials and then the subsequent elaboration of the mix composition for the various layers of the lining package. Professional placement and careful compaction are the critical impotence for the quality of finished lining. Asphaltic concrete as an impervious material is used in many countries for more than 60 years. In the Arab region, the asphaltic concrete is used in Syria, Oman, Algeria, Iraq, UAE and Saudia Arabia for sealing of dams and storage reservoirs. The first use of asphaltic concrete in Syria was the sealing of Al Sourani dam in Tartus by the use of asphalt facing with inclination of 1:2.25. The construction of the asphalt facing was finished in November 2003. In this paper, we shall explain the property of the construction materials, lining design, quality control, and thermal condition in such semi-arid area.


Key words: Asphalt, dams, testes, construction materials, bitumen.