International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2569

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of promoters on methane dry reforming over Ni catalyst on a mixed (a-Al2O3+TiO2-P25) support

Ahmed S. A. Al-Fatesh*, Anis H. Fakeeha and Ahmed E. Abasaeed
Chemical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P. O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 27 October 2011
  •  Published: 30 December 2011

Abstract

 

Carbon dioxide reforming of methane to synthesis gas over Ni on a mixed (α-Al2O3 and TiO2-P25) support was investigated. The effect of adding Zr and Ce promoters to the supported catalyst was studied. Catalytic testes were performed at atmospheric pressure, flow rate of 33 ml/min and various reaction temperatures in the range of 500 and 800°C. The influence of several operating conditions such as feed ratio, space velocity and oxygen addition (that is, combined dry reforming and partial oxidation) on catalyst activity, stability and synthesis gas ratio (H2/CO) were studied. Spent and fresh catalysts were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) techniques. The lowest carbon formation on the catalyst was attained at 800°C. Zr gave highest promotion and best stability. For the 1%Ni+0.15%Zr catalyst over 80% a- Al2O3+20% TiO2 support, the best conversions of CH4 and CO2 were 97 and 89.5%, respectively at 800°C and CO2/CH= 1.3.

 

Key words: CO2 reforming, CH4, supported catalysts, coke, promoter, stability, partial oxidation.