International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2494

Full Length Research Paper

Magnetosphere convection electric field (MCEF) time variation from 1964 to 2009: Investigation on the signatures of the geoeffectiveness coronal mass ejections

Kabore Salfo
  • Kabore Salfo
  • Laboratoire de Recherche en Energétique et Météorologie de l’Espace (LAREME), Université Norbert Zongo (Anciennement Université de Koudougou), BP 376 Koudougou Burkina Faso.
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Ouattara Frederic
  • Ouattara Frederic
  • Laboratoire de Recherche en Energétique et Météorologie de l’Espace (LAREME), Université Norbert Zongo (Anciennement Université de Koudougou), BP 376 Koudougou Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 22 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 27 November 2018
  •  Published: 30 December 2018

Abstract

The signatures of the geoeffectiveness solar disturbed events on the Magnetosphere Convection Electric Field (MCEF) universal time variation from 1964 to 2009 are investigated. Here, attention is focused our on the periods concerned by the whole shock activity and by the different types of the geoeffectiveness Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) which are one-day-shock, two-days-shock and three-days-shock. The investigation is made with respect to the orientation of the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF). The MCEF time profiles show three different trends except for one-day-shock activity and for three-days-shock activity where we have four trends and one trend, respectively. The MCEF time profiles of the whole disturbed activity, the all shock activity and the one-day-shock activity present the initial phase where the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) is southward. During the two-days-shock activity, the initial phase of the MCEF shows a non-sensitive trend to the change of the direction of the IMF z-component while for the three-days-shock activity, the MCEF always exhibits the signature of the northward IMF. The last trend of the MCEF time profile shows the southward IMF signature except for the one-day-shock and the three-days-shock activities where that of the northward IMF was seen.

Key words: Magnetosphere convection electric field, interplanetary magnetic field, shock activity, coronal mass ejections (CMEs).