International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2527

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of simulated rain-based attenuation techniques at k-v frequency bands for satellite services under different modulation techniques over Southwestern Nigeria

J. S. Ojo
  • J. S. Ojo
  • Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
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K. D. Adedayo
  • K. D. Adedayo
  • Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
A. N. Uchegbu
  • A. N. Uchegbu
  • Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 05 July 2020
  •  Accepted: 16 December 2020
  •  Published: 31 January 2021

Abstract

Rain-based attenuation (RBA) is a major deteriorating factor affecting radio wave signals operating at microwave and millimetre wave bands for a typical Earth-Space Communication Link (ESCL). Although the international telecommunication union (ITU) recommended a standard model for predicting RBA along the terrestrial and ESCL, the technique underperforms in tropical environments. However, the model can be supported by appropriate modulation to enhance link performance. The present study assesses the performance of selected RBA models, namely the ITU, Moupfouma, and Garcá¼±a-Lὁpez models based on rain types for K-V frequency bands over some selected locations in Southwestern Nigeria. Link performance was further tested based on different modulation scaling to minimize signal degradation. The result shows that Garcίa-Lá½¹pez and ITU models performed well at low rain rate R ≤2 mm/h but underestimated at higher rain rates (except thunderstorms rain type) at the high-frequency band. However, the Moupfouma model performed well for all the rain types irrespective of the selected frequency band, while the ITU model underestimated attenuation for R < 5 mm/h (shower) and R > 30 mm/h (thunderstorm) rain type from the K-V band frequency, Garcia Lopez underestimates the RBA value for R < 5 mm/h and R > 5 mm/h up to the Ka frequency band. Considering the modulation scaling on link performance shows that the bit-error-rate (BER) will severely degrade with a high rain rate compared to the low rain rate across different frequencies. The BER for 8-PPM outperforms the other types of modulation schemes that were used in this study. Overall results revealed that modulation technique DPSK with selective combining diversity gave a marginal improvement with the increase in link distance and operating frequency.

Key words: ESCL, rain attenuation models, modulation techniques, K-V frequency bands.