International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2569

Full Length Research Paper

Characterization of groundwater chemistry in the coastal plain-sand aquifer of Owerri using factor analysis

A. N. Amadi1, P. I. Olasehinde1 and J. Yisa2
1Department of Geology, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 65, Minna, Nigeria. 2Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 65, Minna, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 05 July 2010
  •  Published: 04 August 2010


Groundwater is a valuable natural resource for various human activities. Factor analysis was applied to the hydrochemical data from the coastal plain-sand (Benin Formation) aquifers of Owerri in order to extract the principal factors responsible for the different hydrochemical facies. By using Kaiser Normalization, the principal factors were extracted from the data. The analysis reveals five sources of solutes. The processes responsible for their enrichment includes: leaching of the overlying rock, seawater intrusion, chemical weathering, agricultural practices, dissolution of carbonate mineral and industrial effluent. Such processes are dominated by the significant role of anthropogenic interference with the groundwater from the aquifer in the area. The identified factors have contributed to the changes of the groundwater chemistry. The effectiveness of the method in characterizing groundwater hydrochemical facies is very high.


Key words: Factor analysis, groundwater chemistry, Benin formation, Owerri, Nigeria.