International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2569

Full Length Research Paper

Calculation and analysis of pore vapor pressure of concrete exposed to fire

Min Li1,2*, Zhishen Wu2, Hongtao Kao3, Chunxiang Qian1 and Wei Sun1
1Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory for Construction Materials, Southeast University Nanjing 211189, China. 2Low-Carbon Building Environment Equipment and System Energy-saving Engineering Center of Education Ministry, Southeast University, Nanjing 211189, China. 3School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009, China.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 23 June 2010
  •  Published: 04 August 2010


The present work involves calculation and analysis of pore vapor pressure in high strength concrete (HSC) exposed to fire. In order to study the spalling of high strength concrete exposed to fire, a mathematical model of the coupled actions of hydro-thermal effects is established. The temperature field and the pressure field are calculated at a given temperature. Then, the pore vapor pressure is calculated and analyzed and the calculated results are validated experimentally. The relationships between the water permeability coefficient or the vapor permeability coefficient and the peak pressure together with its location are established. The results from this study indicate that peak pore pressure increases with prolonged fire exposure time and shifts from the surface towards the center of the concrete. The research results provide a basis for improving the spalling phenomenon.


Key words: High strength concrete, coupling of water vapor and heat, pore pressure, water permeability coefficient, vapor permeability coefficient.