International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2557

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of wrestling on the foot sole of elite wrestlers

School of Physical Education and Sports, Gazi University, Ankara- Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 16 May 2011
  •  Published: 31 July 2011



The present study investigated changes in the foot soles of wrestlers. The study compared 11 pedobarographic parameters of the contact area of the foot sole area, maximal force, peak pressure, average maximal pressure and time pressure integral of elite wrestlers and a control group comprised of healthy individuals. An EMED-SF (Novel GmbH, Munich, Germany) plantar pressure analysis system was used in the study. The non-parametrical Mann Whitney U Test was used to identify statistically significant variations between the average data values of the experimental and control groups; the extent of the linear relationship between the physical structure and foot sole variables was examined using the Pearson coefficient (r). In these measurements, reliability interval was accepted as 95% and the level of significance was P < 0.01 to 0.05. Statistically significant results were obtained for the 2nd, 3rd and 5th metatarsal heads and total results, foot sole medial and lateral. The results of the control group were higher for age, height, weight, body mass index, right and left feet contact areas, maximal force, peak pressure, average maximal pressure and time pressure integral. 


Key words: Wrestling, foot sole, pedobarography.