International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2572

Full Length Research Paper

Heavy metals in water springs of the Yarmouk Basin, North Jordan and their potentiality in health risk assessment

Awni T. Batayneh
Department of Geology and Geophysics, King Saud University, P. O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia. 
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 June 2010
  •  Published: 31 July 2010


The objective of this study is to determine the seasonal water quality variations of the major springs of the Yarmouk Basin of North Jordan. A total of 36 water samples were collected in October 2006 (dry season) and in May 2007 (wet season) and analyzed for temperature, electrical conductivity, total dissolved solids, pH, Pb, Cd, Zn, Cu, Mn and Fe. The pH was found near alkaline ranging from 7.01 - 7.87 and 6.8 - 8.04 for the pre and post-wet season water samples, respectively. Electrical conductivity varied from 300 to 1199 µS/cm and from 424 to 962 µS/ cm for the dry and wet season water samples, respectively. The results of heavy metals analysis indicated that some water samples exceeded the Jordanian. Overall, the results showed that the water springs of the Yarmouk Basin in North Jordan are contaminated with heavy metals that might affect human health as well as the health of the ecosystem.


Key words: Water springs, Yarmouk Basin, heavy metals, Jordan.