Multipath channels often exhibit sparse structures in multicarrier underwater acoustic (MC-UWA) communication systems. Conventional linear channel estimators, such as least squares (LS) and minimum mean square error (MMSE) are considered as optimal solutions under the assumption of rich multipath. However, they often result in low spectral efficiency due to neglect of the sparsity in multipath channels. In this paper, we propose a novel sparse channel estimation method with compressive sensing. The proposed estimator has better estimation performance and low complexity when compared with the LS estimator. Simulations verified the proposed method with respect to the mean square error (MSE) and the computational complexity.
Key words: Underwater acoustic (UWA), orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), sparse multipath, compressive sensing (CS), sparse channel estimator.
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