The spatial diversity techniques are broken down and explained systematically along with its combination which includes Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC), Equal Gain Combining (EGC) and Simple Selection Combining (SC) under the influence of atmospheric-induce turbulence fading in Free Space Optical (FSO) communication. Diversity is a technique used to prevent or reduce multipath. Multipath is a phenomenon describing propagation that results in the signals reaching the antenna by two or more paths. There is an extreme difficulty for a transmitted signal to be detected by a receiver in a case of increased turbulence. This research provides a forum for the receiver with some forms of diversity. The validation of the recommended simulation is through Additive White Gaussian Channel without combiner of the same process. The results display that Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC) has the greatest mitigation level of fading in comparison with others. Consequently, where fading is more dominant like on a terrestrial FSO link, Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC) can be used. Overall, the findings suggest the capability of the model in mitigating atmospheric turbulence especially for the 5G wireless networks in the terrestrial link.
Keywords: Free Space Optical Communication (FSO), Atmospheric Turbulence, Additive White Gaussian Channel (AWGC), Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC), Equal Gain Combining (EGC), Selection Combining (SC) and Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN)