International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2537

Table of Content: 23 August 2013; 8(31)

August 2013

Optical properties of as-deposited TiO2 thin films prepared by DC sputtering technique

Amorphous titanium dioxide TiO2 thin films have been deposited using the dc sputtering technique. The structure of the films was analyzed by X-ray diffraction and the results showed non-crystalline behavior. The optical properties of these thin films have been investigated by means of optical reflectance and transmittance spectra. The optical energy gap Eg, the Urbach tails Eu, the single oscillator energy Eo, the...

Author(s): M. M. Abd El-Raheem, and Ateyyah M. Al-Baradi

August 2013

Structural and DC Ionic conductivity studies of carboxy methylcellulose doped with ammonium nitrate as solid polymer electrolytes

Solid polymer electrolytes have been prepared by solution casting technique. Carboxy methylcellulose (CMC)-ammonium nitrate (AN) films were studied with varied AN salt concentration from 5-50 wt.% at ambient temperature. X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern shows the amorphous nature of polymer electrolyte samples. IR-spectra confirm the polymer-salt complexes in the range of 1633 - 829 cm-1. Impedance analysis reveals that...

Author(s): K. H. Kamarudin and M. I. N. Isa

August 2013

Flow behaviour of polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) modified blends of polyvinyl acetate (PVAc)/natural rubber (NR) latexes

During compounding processes, polymer latexes are mixed with various colloidal systems (in particular, PVOH) or surface-active agents to modify the flow behaviour in order to suit the manufacturing process. In this study, the flow behaviour of aqueous dispersed PVAc, NR and different mixed dispersions were investigated both in the absence and presence of PVOH as flow modifier, using an Ostwald glass capillary...

Author(s): Stephen Shaibu Ochigbo

August 2013

Synthesis, structural and optical characterizations of cadmium oxide (CdO) thin films by chemical bath deposition (CBD) technique

Thin films of cadmium oxide (CdO) were synthesized and characterized using chemical bath deposition (CBD) technique. The XRD studies revealed amorphous CdO thin films which upon annealing at 623K transformed to polycrystalline structure. The optical studies showed that the CdO films have high average transmittance over 60% in the visible region and direct optical bandgaps of 2.02 ± 0.05 eV, 2.03 ± 0.05eV...

Author(s): B. A. Ezekoye, V. A. Ezekoye, P. O. Offor and S. C. Utazi