Prevalence and utility of dipstick proteinuria in predicting renal insufficiency in treatment naive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected Africans
This study investigated the prevalence and associated factors of proteinuria in treatment naive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals. It also evaluated utility of dipstick urinalysis for the detection of impaired renal function. Two hundred (200) HIV seropositive patients and 72 HIV seronegative subjects were evaluated and tested for proteinuria using dipstick reagent strips. Serum urea and...
African and American university students and human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) transmission kissing perception
The purpose of this study was to explore the extent to which kissing is associated with the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), based on literature review and respondents’ to the questionnaire. The sample used was a diverse one, as participants were Americans and Africans drawn from universities in America, Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania, comprising a...
Risky sexual behavior and identity construction among adolescents in Ethiopia
Adolescents in Ethiopia are found to engage in a host of risky behaviors that lead to sexual and reproductive health problems including Human Immune Deficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS), unplanned pregnancy, and abortion; just to mention but a few. Quite a number of research investigations have been conducted to document on the factors that lead youth to these risky behaviors. However, these...
Intestinal parasites and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status of children in Jos, Nigeria
Intestinal parasitic infestations (IPI) are not uncommon in immunocompetent individuals. However, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals with depleted immunity have an abnormally high susceptibility to infections. This study therefore, examines children with intestinal parasites according to HIV status and degree of immunosuppression. Consecutively consenting patients aged 1 to 15 years attending the...
Opportunistic infections among human immune deficiency virus (HIV) positive injecting drug users of Dhaka City, Bangladesh
A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out among the 116 human immune deficiency virus (HIV) positive drug addicted people in Dhaka city during September, 2012 to March, 2013. The major objectives of this study were to assess the various spectra of opportunistic infections among drug users who are HIV positive for at least three years. Young adults are more frequent drug users and males are more prone to drug...