Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009

JAHR Articles in press

Article in Press

Treatment outcomes among adolescents on antiretroviral therapy in Machakos, Kenya.

It is estimated that in 2017 there were about 1.5 million people living with HIV in Kenya, of which 105,000 (7%) were adolescents. Adolescents have poorer antiretroviral therapy (ART) outcomes compared to adults. This study aimed to determine the treatment outcomes of adolescents on ART in Machakos County, Kenya. Adolescents on ART for at least two years from nine facilities were randomly selected in this retrospective...

Author(s):Daniel Kimani, Simon Karanja, Kenneth Ngure, and Samuel Mwalili

Article in Press

Unprotected sexual practice and associated factors among people on anti retro-viral therapy at public health facilities of Arba Minch Town: Cross-sectional study

Background: Unprotected sexual practice with multiple partners is identified as the greatest risk factor for transmission of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Sub Saharan Africa and it is a public health concern among people infected with HIV. However, due to the focus of HIV prevention efforts was largely on people uninfected with HIV, people on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) weren’t addressed by prevention strategies...

Author(s):Zeleke Haileamriam Abebo, Mekuria Asnakew Asfaw, Alemayehu Bekele Kasahun, Aleme Mekuria Belachew, Tiglu Haile Haressa, and Alemayehu Worku Yalew,

Article in Press

Immunological and clinical response to antiretroviral therapy according to baseline CD4+ T-cell count in Karamara General Hospital,Jigjiga, Ethiopia

In resource limited countries there is scarcity of information regarding the degree of immunological and clinical recovery in remote communities with ART service. This study retrospectively assessed the degree of immune recovery by CD4 count after initiation of ART. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on adult HIV patients who have been on ART for more than one year at Karamara Hospital. All analyses were performed...

Author(s):Adugna Negussie, Walid Ali, Yerega Belete and Muktar Shekabdulahi

Article in Press

Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence and Associated Factors among Children on Antiretroviral Medication in Dessie Referral Hospital, Dessie city Administration, Ethiopia

Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency disease (HIV/AIDS) is worse in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. To achieve the goal of fighting HIV/AIDS; appropriate antiretroviral treatment (ART) and maximizing adherence to ART are crucial. The objective of this study was to assess ART medication adherence status and associated factors among children on ART in Dessie Referral...

Author(s):Kibret Bayeh Asressie and Yeshewas Abaynew Getaneh

Article in Press

Mode of transmission of HIV infection among orphans and vulnerable children in some selected States in Nigeria.

Introduction Nigeria accounted for 90% of Pediatric HIV in Africa in 2017. However, empirical data is scanty. Nigeria has high burden of Pediatric HIV but a dearth of empirical data on mode of HIV transmission.The Association for Reproductive and Family Health (ARFH), implemented with USAID supportis implementing a projectto mitigate the impact of HIV on Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) affected/infected by HIV/AIDS...

Author(s):Bamgboye EA, Gado P, Olusanmi IM, Magaji D, Atobatele A, Iwuala F and Ladipo OA.

Article in Press

Male Partner Involvement in the Prevention of Mother- to -Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS at Primary Health Care Unit of Adama Districts, Centeral Ethiopia.

Back ground: Prevention of mother -to- child transmission (PMTCT) of human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) is important as majority of children with HIV become infected through mother to child transmission. The involvement of male in PMTCT has a vital importance role in reducing HIV infections from mother to child. Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess the level of male partner involvement in PMTCT HIV/AIDS...

Author(s):Mesfin Tafa Segni, Yosef Gudeta, Zawde Birhanu and Hirpo Teno

Article in Press

Household food security and associated factors among Adult living with HIV/AIDS attending ART clinic at the Hawassa Town Hospital , Southern Ethiopia 2017.

Introduction: Globally 78 million peoples are living with HIV/AIDS. Ethiopia has one of the highest populations of HIV infected people in the sub-Saharan region of Africa. The relationship between HIV epidemic and food security situation in Ethiopia is complex, it is likely that the epidemic will contribute to worsening widespread food insecurity. The aim of this study is to assess the level of food security and...

Author(s):Rekiku Fikre and

Article in Press

Quality of life and coping strategy of HIV patients receiving care in a Nigerian Tertiary Institution

Quality of life (QoL) is an important outcome in patient management. This study evaluated the quality of life (QOL) and coping strategies for 241 HIV/AIDS patients receiving care at the Enugu state teaching Hospital, Parklane, Enugu, Nigeria. The patients were assessed with the World Health Organization Quality of Life Questionnaire-Short Version (WHO-QOL-BREF) and a stress coping strategy questionnaire. Results were...

Author(s):Ukoha-kalu, Blessing Onyinye and Adibe, Maxwell Ogochukwu

Article in Press

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Helicobacter pylori Infection among HIV Positive Adults on ART at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern-Ethiopia

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections are worldwide healthcare burdens. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of H. pylori infection among HIV patients at Southern-Ethiopia. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa University comprehensive specialized hospital on 390 HIV infected adults on antiretroviral therapy from...

Author(s):Addis G/Mariam, Techalew Shimelis, Agete Tadewos, Fanuel Belayneh, Demiss Niguse

Article in Press

Prevalence of HIV/AIDs among pregnant women attending state specialist hospital akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

This examination was carried out to enumerate the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women attending the State Specialist Hospital, Akure, Nigeria. Blood samples were collected from 520 pregnant women and screened for antibodies to HIV using Determine HIV-1/2 kit and Determine HIV-1/2 kit. The overall prevalence of HIV was found to be 2.88% (n=15). Higher prevalence of 3.81% was found among age-groups 25-34 years compared...

Author(s):Ojo D.Olukitibi T. A.,Oladunmoye M. K.

Article in Press

Predictors of loss to follow up among adults enrolled on anti-retroviral therapy in Otona teaching and referral hospital, Wolayita Soddo, Southern Ethiopia; retrospective cohort study

In Sub-Saharan African country, particularly in Ethiopia, there is a growing concern of the management of diagnosis and treatment of to diagnose HIV-AIDS patients. These patients later on are presented with advance disease and loss of follow up in not uncommon. There are several factors demotivating these patients to continue their treatment but later on, they will present with advanced disease because they have loss to...

Author(s):Molalegn Mesele, Gistane Ayele, Manaye Yihune and Gedion Asnake

Article in Press

Analysing the joint effect of health expenditure and life expectancy on HIV/AIDS in Selected Countries in Africa

This paper analyses the effect of health expenditure and life expectancy on HIV/AIDS in selected African countries. Using a panel data from 40 African countries within the period of 2005 to 2014, both linear and nonlinear models were estimated. The Hausman test conducted approves the appropriateness of the random effect. Random effect estimation with interaction term shows health expenditure has positive and significant...

Author(s):FELIX AMOANING

Article in Press

Under the Influence of Needles: Multiplicity of HIV Related Risk Behaviour among Injecting Drug Users in South Asian Countries

Background: Interface of drug abuse, needle sharing and high-risk-sex are potential menace multiplying HIV risk. This paper analyses covariates of multiplicity of risk behaviour among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the selected countries of South Asia. Methods: Findings are based on data from 1393 male IDUs from Nepal (2010-11), 1290 from Bangladesh (2015-16) and 1977 from India (2010). Bivariate and multivariate...

Author(s):Shrikant Singh, Santosh kumar Sharma, Anshur Rehman, Deepanjali Vishwakarma, Bhawana Sharma and Alankar Malviya

Article in Press

Knowledge, attitude and practice as a response against HIV/AIDS among new entrants of Dilla University students, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Objective: To identify the influence of clinical setting on adherence to antiretroviral treatment among HIV/AIDS infected adolescents in Thika Level 5 hospital. Design: Crossectional. Setting: Thika Level 5 hospital, Thika Sub County, Kiambu County. Subjects: 150 HIV/AIDS infected adolescents and 25 health Care Workers. Results: Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis revealed that there was a significant...

Author(s):Tarekegn Tadesse Gemeda, Abineh Unasho Gandile, Demisse Semebo Bikamo

Article in Press

INFLUENCE OF HEALTH LITERACY ON ANTIRETROVIRAL TREAMENT ADHERENCE AMONG HIV/AIDS INFECTED ADOLESCENTS IN THIKA LEVEL 5 HOSPITAL, KIAMBU COUNTY

Young people including adolescents constitute a significant number of the people living with Human Immune Deficiency Virus/ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the world today. The study sought to establish the antiretroviral treatment adherence determinants among HIV/AIDS infected adolescents in Thika level 5 Hospital. The specific objective of the study was to find out how health literacy influence...

Author(s):T. W. Kariuki, E.S Some,George Kimanthi and J.Kariuki

Article in Press

KNOWLEDGE OF HIV/AIDS AND APPROVAL OF PRE-MARITAL TESTING AMONG MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN SOKOTO NORTH WESTERN NIGERIA

In Nigeria, Christian leaders have been instrumental in increasing the rates of voluntary HIV testing especially pre-marital testing and have also being participating in between 40 and 70% of HIV related activities in other African countries. It is based on this premise it is hypothesized that given their influence on the population, Muslim religious leaders can make a similar effort in Northern Nigeria in increasing the...

Author(s):Taofeek Ibrahim,Balarabe Isa Adamu,Ismaila Mohammed Ahmed,Usman Nasir Nakakana and Maryam Mohammed Ahmed

Article in Press

CORRELATION OF STAVUDINE BASED FIXED DRUG COMBINATION (FDC) AND CD4 COUNTS IN HIV INFECTED PEDIATRIC AGE GROUP

HIV-infection in children progresses more rapidly than in adults, and up to half of untreated children die within the 1st two years of life. This progression is correlated with higher viral burden and faster depletion of infected CD4 lymphocytes in infants and children than in adults. Most studies have demonstrated that CD4 cell count has the strongest predictive value in predicting disease progression. Highly active...

Author(s):BHAVESH RATHOD

Article in Press

The effects of a therapeutic exercise intervention on depression and body self-image in women receiving anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa

This research study investigated the effects of a programme of therapeutic movement on depression and body self-image, on two samples of HIV positive females undergoing anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aims and objectives of this study are in line with the World Health Organisation (WHO) (2012) and UNICEF (2013) mandates, which advocates the implementation of effective psycho-social and...

Author(s):Daniels Andrea K. and Rudolf L. Van Niekerk

Article in Press

Survival time of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children under 15 years of age after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has emerged as one of the leading causes of childhood mortality and morbidity in sub Saharan Africa. But, the attention given to HIV-infected children in terms of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) had so far been ranked second. The study had the objectives of identifying predictors that had significant impacts on the survival status of HIV infected children who received...

Author(s):Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Yemane Asmleash

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