The research empirically examined the impact of empowerments of traditional rulers on rural development in Cross River State, Nigeria. In order to guide the study, two research hypotheses were formulated. A survey design was adopted for the study and a questionnaire was the main research instrument used to collect data from the respondents. A sample of five hundred and twenty government certificated traditional rulers (respondents) was randomly sampled from the study area. For the purpose of sampling, the cluster and purposive sampling methods were adopted. The Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Scheffe Post Hoc Test were used to test the research hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance using the appropriate degree of freedom. The results revealed that all the hypotheses were significant. That is, traditional rulers’ poor incentives given to traditional rulers as well as non-resource allocation to traditional chieftaincy institution has significant negative influence on grass root mobilization for rural development in the study area. On the basis of these findings, it was recommended among others that traditional rulers should be empowerment adequately, especially financial empowerment, as this would go a long way in influencing their effectiveness in grass root mobilization for rural development. When they are properly empowered, it would pave way for happy, enthusiastic, energetic, hardworking, self-reliant, courageous, purposeful, optimistic, trust-worthy, friendly and patriotic behavior towards rural development.
Keywords: Empowering, Traditional Rulers, Grass root, Mobilization, Rural, Development Word count: 221