The Ghanaian government has taken a number of steps to reduce illegal logging and related trade, most notably with the signing of the Ghana-European Union (EU) voluntary partnership agreement in 2009 because of its increasing rate. Some illegal timber dealers have occupied the West Gonja District and have engaged the youth in felling large volumes of timber, despite the Districts’ dry and poor vegetation cover. The effects of illegal logging on the livelihood of the people are not significantly known. This study is to ascertain the effects of illegal logging on the livelihoods of people in West Gonja District. The study sampled 100 respondents who responded to a semi- structured questionnaire using quota sampling method. The study revealed that illegal logging is caused by poverty, unemployment, indiscipline, corrupt leadership, poor enforcement of laws, ignorance and competition among loggers. The study recommends the creation of jobs especially for the youth who completed tertiary education; enforcement of by-laws; public education, and community unity in afforestation.
Keywords: Illegal logging, livelihoods, West Gonja District, afforestation.