Journal of
African Studies and Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Afr. Stud. Dev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2189
  • DOI: 10.5897/JASD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 218

Full Length Research Paper

Enhancing local livelihoods resilience and food security in the face of frequent flooding in Africa: A disaster management perspective

Henry Ngenyam Bang
  • Henry Ngenyam Bang
  • Disaster Management Centre, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar
Lee Miles
  • Lee Miles
  • Disaster Management Centre, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar
Richard Gordon
  • Richard Gordon
  • Disaster Management Centre, Bournemouth University, United Kingdom.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 13 July 2018
  •  Accepted: 10 September 2018
  •  Published: 30 September 2018


Abid M, Schneider U, Scheffran J (2015). Adaptation to climate change and its impacts on food productivity and crop income: perspective of farmers in rural pakistan. Journal of Rural Studies 47:254-266


Allen P (2013). Facing food security. Journal of Rural Studies 29:135-138.


Ashley C, Carney D (1999). Sustainable livelihoods: Lessons from early experience. Department for International Development, London, UK.


Azam-Ali S (2007). Agricultural diversification: the potential for underutilised crops in Africa's changing climates. Rivista di. Biologia 100:27-37.


Balgah R, Buchenrieder G, Mbue I (2015). When nature frowns: A comprehensive impact assessment of the 2012 Babessi floods on people's livelihoods in rural Cameroon. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies 7(1):1-8.


Bang H, Miles L, Gordon R (2017). The irony of flood risks in African dryland environments: human security in North Cameroon. World Journal of Engineering and Technology 5(3B):109-121.


Bang HN (2013). Governance of disaster risk reduction in Cameroon: the need to empower local government. Jàmbá: Journal of Disaster Risk Studies 5(2):1-10.


Bang HN (2014). General overview of the disaster management framework in Cameroon. Disasters 38(3):562-586.


Bang HN (2016). Thirty Years after the Lake Nyos Disaster, what Prospects for Rehabilitation and Reintegration in the Region? Disaster Management, Risk Perception, Social Vulnerability and Relocation Decisions in Cameroon. Book Venture Publishing, Michigan, USA.


Bhattacherjee A (2012). Social Science Research: Principles, Methods, and Practices. Book 3. USF Tampa Library Open Access Collection, University of South Florida scholar commons. 

View site visited on 23/02/2017


Bryman A (2004). Social Research Methods. Oxford University Press, Oxford.


CERF (2012). CERF provides US$2 million for flood-affected people in Cameroon. 

View site visited on 02/06/2014.


Cervigni R, Liden R, Neumann J, Strzepek K (2015). Enhancing the climate resilience of Africa's infrastructure: The power and water sectors.


Cutter S, Barnes L, Berry M, Burton C, Evans E, Tate E, Webb J (2008). A place-based model for understanding community resilience to natural disasters. Global Environmental Change 18(2008):598-606. 


Ellis F (2000). Mixing it: Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries. Oxford University Press, Oxford.


Ellis F, Allison E (2004). Livelihood diversification and natural resource. 


Epule T, Bryant C (2015). Maize production responsiveness to land use change and climate trends in Cameroon. Sustainability 7(1):384-397.


Epule T, Bryant C (2016). Small scale farmers' indigenous agricultural adaptation options in the face of declining or stagnant crop yields in the Fako and Meme Divisions of Cameroon. Agriculture 6 (2):2-15. 


Ericksen P (2008). What is the vulnerability of a food system to global environmental change? Ecology and Society, 13(2):14.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2013). The state of food insecurity in the world: the multiple dimensions of food security. 

View site visited on 09/09/2017.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2014). The state of food and agriculture: innovation in family farming. 

View site visited on 26/03/2018.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2016a). FAO in the 2016 Sahel humanitarian appeal. 

View site visited on 28/01/2018


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2016b). Increasing the resilience of agricultural livelihoods. 

View site visited on 12/05/2018


FAO/IFAD/WFP (2013). The state of food insecurity in the world. 

View site visited on 10/09/2017.


Fogwe Z, Asue E (2016). Cameroonian urban floodwater retaliations on human activity and infrastructural developments in channel flood ways of Kumba. Current Urban Studies 4:85-96.


Francois D, Seignobos D, Lienou G, Genthorn P (2010). Water and people in the Yaere floodplain (North Cameroon). In: Alvarez M (ed) Floodplains: physical geography, ecology and societal interactions, Nova Publisher, New York, 1-27.


Geohive (2016). Cameroon, Administrative Units. 

View site visited on 13/05/2017.


Gergely N (2009). The cotton sector of Cameroon (Africa Region Working Article Series No. 126) USA: World Bank. 

View site visited on 24/08/2016.


Guenang G, Kamga M (2012). Onset, retreat and length of the rainy season over Cameroon. Atmospheric Science Letters 13(2):120-127. 


Guha-Sapir D, Below R, Hoyois P (2016). EM-DAT: The CRED/OFDA international disaster database, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium. View site visited on 25/06/2018.


IPCC (2014). Impacts, adaptations and vulnerability, fifth assessment report. 

View site visited on 13/06/2018.


Kakota T, Nyarike D, Mkwambisi D, Kogi-Makau W (2013). Determinants of household vulnerability to food insecurity: A case


study of semi-arid districts in Malawi. Journal of International Development 27(1):73-84. 



Khatun D, Roy B (2012). Rural livelihood diversification in West Bengal: Determinants and constraints. Agricultural Economics Research Review 25(1):115-124.


Maxwell S, Smith M (1992). Household food security; a conceptual review. In: Maxwell S, Frankenberger T (eds) Household food security: concepts, indicators, measurements: a technical review. UNICEF and IFAD, New York and Rome.


Mc Sweeney C, New M, Lizcano G (2012). UNDP climate change profiles, Cameroon.


Miles L, Gordon R, Bang, H (2017). Blaming active volcanoes or active volcanic blame? Volcanic crisis communication and blame management in the Cameroon. In: Fearnley C, Bird D, Jolly G, Haynes K, McGuire B (eds) Observing the volcano world, volcanic crisis communication. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.


Miles M, Huberman M (1994). Qualitative data analysis: an expanded sourcebook, Second ed. Sage, Thousand Oaks.


MINADER (2014). Overview of the status of Cameroonian cotton (Crop Year 2012-2013). 


Molua E, Cornelius L (2007). The economic impact of climate change on agriculture in Cameroon. 



Molua E (2012). Gendered response and risk-coping capacity to climate


variability for sustained food security in Northern Cameroon. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management 4(3):277-307. 


Neba C, Ngassam S, Nzomo J (2010). The determinants of the technical efficiency of cotton farmers in Northern Cameroon. 

View site visited on 16/08/2017.


Ngalame E (2012). Cameroon: government urged to reduce disaster risk after northern floods. 

View site visited on 10/06/2016.


Ngondjeb Y (2013). Agriculture and climate change in Cameroon: an assessment of impacts and adaptation options. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development 1(5):85–94.


Njeru E (2013). Crop diversification: a potential strategy to mitigate food insecurity by smallholders in sub-saharan Africa. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development 3(4):63-69. 


Njomaha C, Pirot J (2004). The need for increased rice production. In: Loth P (eds) The return of the water: restoring the Waza Longone floodplain in Cameroon.


Nyariki D, Wiggins S (1997). Household food insecurity in sub-saharan Africa: lessons from Kenya. British Food Journal 99(7):249-262. 


Nyariki M, Wiggins S, Imungi J (2002). Levels and causes of household food and nutrition insecurity in dryland Kenya. The Journal of Ecology of Food and Nutrition 41(2):155-176.


Pamo E, Tendonkeng F, Kana J (2005). Herders and wetland degradation in Northern Cameroon. In: Milne, J.A. (eds) Pastoral systems in marginal environments. Proceedings of a Satellite Workshop of the 20th International Grassland Congress, Glassgow, Scotland pp. 207-208.


Ponka R, Bouba A, Fokou E, Beaucher E, Piot M, Leonils J, Gaucheron F (2015). Nutritional composition of five varieties of pap commonly consumed in Maroua (Far-North, Cameroon). Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 65(3):183-190


Relief Web (2012). Cameroon: floods in the North and Far North Regions. DREF operation n° MDRCD014. 


Stake R (2000). Case studies. In: Denzin K, Lincoln S (eds) The Handbook of Qualitative Research, Sage, Thousand Oaks pp. 435-453.


Sen A (1981). Poverty and famines. Clarendon Press, Oxford.


Sighomnou D (2005). Cameroon: integrated flood management in River Logone flood-plain. 

View site visited on 15/05/2018.


Tingem M, Rivington M (2009). Adapation for crop agriculture to climate change in Cameroon: turning on the heat. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 14:153-168.


Tingem M, Rivington M, Bellocchi G, Colls J (2008). Climate variability and maize production in Cameroon: simulating the effects of extreme dry and wet years. Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography 29(3):357-370. 


UNICEF (2012). Flash floods in North Cameroon meet fast response from UNICEF Cameroon.


UNICEF (2013). UNICEF Cameroon situation report January 2013. 

View site visited on 19/03/2015


UNISDR (2015). Sendai framework for disaster risk reduction 2015-2030. 

View site visited on 11/03/2018.


Vassolo S, Wilczok C, (2016). Groundwater - surface water interaction in the lower Logone floodplain, Report No. 10, BGR, German. 

View site visited on 23/05/2018


World Bank (2013). World bank to help Cameroon recover from major floods and resume rice production.


World Bank (2016). World development indicators, Cameroon. 

View site visited on 06/03/2018.


WFP (2016a). What are the current issues in Cameroon. 

View site visited on 06/03/2018


WFP (2016b). WFP Cameroon country brief. 

View site visited on 01/03/2018


WFP (2017). Cameroon. 

View site visited on 02/11/2017


Yengoh GT, Ardo J (2014). Crop yield gaps in Cameroon. Ambio. A Journal of the Human Environment 43(2):175-190.


Yin K (2003). Case Study Research: Design and Methods. Sage Publications, California.