African Journal of
Bacteriology Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Bacteriol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9871
  • DOI: 10.5897/JBR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 103

Full Length Research Paper

Antibacterial activities of two medicinal herbs on Salmonella typhi isolates in Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria: Improvement to herbal medicine

Odikamnoro O. O.
  • Odikamnoro O. O.
  • Department of Applied Biology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
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Uhuo C. A.
  • Uhuo C. A.
  • Department of Applied Biology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
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Ikeh I. M.
  • Ikeh I. M.
  • Department of Applied Biology, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
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Ogiji E. D.
  • Ogiji E. D.
  • Department of Pharmacology/Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medicine, Ebonyi State, University.
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Akpam L. J.
  • Akpam L. J.
  • Department of Pharmacology/Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medicine, Ebonyi State, University.
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Ibiam, G.A.
  • Ibiam, G.A.
  • Department of Medical Laboratory, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State.
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Azi, S.o.
  • Azi, S.o.
  • Department of Medical Laboratory, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Department of Pharmacology/Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medicine, Ebonyi State, University.
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Okoh N. F.
  • Okoh N. F.
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Parasitology Unit, Evangel University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 13 April 2014
  •  Accepted: 11 August 2014
  •  Published: 30 March 2015

Abstract

The study on the antibacterial activities of some medicinal plants on Salmonella typhi isolates in Abakaliki Ebonyi State was conducted using agar diffusion method. The study shows that there is high level yield in the dried leaves than in the wet leaves of the experimental plants (W/D). The investigation reveals that phenol yield is 296% W and 67% D in bitter leaf while oil yield in Utazi is 1.900 W and 1.034 D; phenol is 276.00 W and 38.480 D. The phytochemical analysis showed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, glycosides, flavonoids, steroids, phenolic compounds, oil, proteins, terpenoids, fructose, glucose and essential oils. Antimicrobial test screening showed that the extract had a strong inhibitory effect against; Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Klebsiella pneumonia. The observation tends to confirm the medicinal value of these plant leaves and justify the claim of its local use in health remedies for diarrhea and kidney failure caused by E. coli, skin infection caused by S. aureus and pneumonia which is caused by K. pneumonia. However, this had proved inhibitory on S. typhi which could be synergistic or antagnostic in action and therefore suggest to be effective herbally when orally administered.
 
Key words: Antibacterial, medicinal herbs, Salmonella species, Ebonyi State.