Journal of
Cell and Animal Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Cell Anim. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0867
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCAB
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 260

Full Length Research Paper

Factors affecting seasonal prevalence of blood parasites in dairy cattle in Omdurman locality, Sudan

Mohammed Safieldin A1, Atif Abdel Gadir E2* and Khitma Elmalik H2
1Federal Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries, P. O. Box 293, Khartoum, Sudan. 2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, P. O. Box 32, Khartoum North, Sudan
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 January 2010
  •  Published: 31 January 2011

Abstract

This study was conducted in Al-Rodwan project in Omdurman to investigate the prevalence of blood parasites in dairy cattle during different seasons. A total of 290 animals were examined during three seasons: dry cool (100), dry hot (95) and wet hot (95). The results showed that the prevalence of blood parasites during different seasons was 8, 5.25 and 6.32% for dry cool, dry hot and wet hot season, respectively. The prevalence of Theileria species infection was found to be 7, 5.25 and 6.32% for dry cool, dry hot and wet hot season, respectively. While the prevalence of Babesia species infection was only recorded in the dry cool season as (1%). There was no effect (χ2= 0.6, p> 0.05) of season on the occurrence of blood parasites. Strong association (t-test= –43.6, p< 0.05) was found between presence of blood parasites and milk yield.

 

Key words: Dairy cattle, blood parasites, season, Sudan.