Journal of
Cell and Animal Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Cell Anim. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0867
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCAB
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 260

Full Length Research Paper

Import risk assessment of hatching eggs and day old chicks via Khartoum International Airport, Sudan

Ahmed Abdelgadir Berier1 and Atif Elamin Abdelgadir2*
1Sudanese Standards and Metrology Organization (SSMO), Khartoum International Airport, Sudan. 2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, Sudan.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 November 2011
  •  Published: 31 December 2011



This study was aimed to assess the quality level of the Sudanese standards and risks associated with the importation of hatching eggs and day old chicks as well as the sanitary measures in place based on the international (OIE) standards. Data were collected from the Federal Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries (FMARF), the Sudanese Standards and Metrology Organization (SSMO) and from World Animal Health Organization (OIE). For that purpose, risk assessment was used as described in Section 2 of the (OIE, 2009). The results showed that a total of (11,241,209) chicks, and (62,3070,30) layers and broilers hatching eggs were imported into the Sudan during the period 2005 to 2009 from 14 countries, which may comprise potential risk of introducing avian influenza (AI) and many other diseases into the country. In viewing the poultry health status in the exporting counties, the avian influenza is endemic in Egypt, which represented the main exporting country of the two commodities in 2005. In 2006, about 18.3% (out of 235,626 susceptible population) were infected with avian influenza (AI) and 43.2% (n = 101,814) were destroyed for the same reason. Moreover, the Sudanese standards of hatching eggs and day old chicks had not been set according to scientifically based risk estimations and the sanitary measures in place were less stringent to achieve the appropriate level of protection. Therefore, a multidisciplinary scientific risk analysis following OIE standards are recommended for the importation procedures and setting the Sudanese standards.


Key words: Hatching eggs, day old chicks, standards, importation, Sudan.