Journal of
Cell and Animal Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Cell Anim. Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0867
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCAB
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 261

Full Length Research Paper

Growth performance and carcass characteristics of Arsi-Bale goats castrated at different ages

Tesfaye Kebede1*, Tesfaye Lemma1, Hunduma Dinka1, Mieso Guru1 and Amsalu Sisay2
1Adami Tulu Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 35, Zeway, Ethiopia. 2Hawassa University, Department of Animal and Range Science; P. O. Box 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 October 2008
  •  Published: 30 October 2008

Abstract

The study was conducted on thirty six male Arsi-Bale kids of 10.56 ± 0.39 kg initial body weight for 15 months to investigate the effects of age at castration on growth performance and carcass characteristics. The treatments were entire/intact (T1), castration at three (T2), at six (T3) and at nine months of age (T4). All castrated and entire goats were browsed during day time and supplemented with concentrate at 2.5% of body weight in DM per day. Five goats from each treatment were randomly selected and slaughtered for carcass evaluation. Age at castration had no significant effect on body weight, total weight gain (TG), over all average daily gain (ADG) and linear body measurements. T1 and T4 had significantly (P < 0.05) higher ADG (g) (113.73 ± 3.53 and 108.50 ± 5.23, respectively) than T2 (92.16 ± 6.20) and T3 (92.16 ± 5.72) at 9 - 12 months of age. There were no significant differences among treatments on most carcass or non-carcasses measurements except for fat deposition, which were significantly (P < 0.05) lower and heavier for entire as compared to castrated groups, respectively. Therefore, castration is important for better fat deposition in carcass than for body weight gain improvement. If castration desired, early castration is recommendable as goats castrated at three months of age had better rib eye area and fat thickness than other castrated groups and intact goats.

 

Key words. Arsi-Bale goats, carcass characteristics, castration, growth.