Journal of
Civil Engineering and Construction Technology

  • Abbreviation: J. Civ. Eng. Constr. Technol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2634
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCECT
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 140

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation and selection of the quality of internal doors for buildings using building information modeling building information modeling (BIM)

Ibrahim Al-Hammad
  • Ibrahim Al-Hammad
  • Department of Civil Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar
Zaidan Ahmed Zanklo
  • Zaidan Ahmed Zanklo
  • Department of Civil Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 13 June 2020
  •  Accepted: 09 October 2020
  •  Published: 31 January 2021


The selection of building materials from various available alternatives is a critical process affected by many complicated factors. Every single element in a building has a specific function to perform. This necessitates a proper selection of material from the various available alternatives, which generally differ in their quality, performance, and cost. To make the most practical choice, the owner wants the building's function to perform with maximum quality at the minimum possible cost, and this is the principle of value engineering. Therefore, a determination has been made to identify the criteria impacting selecting each element and how close it is to achieving the project's goal. Each alternative has been evaluated, and its quality, and cost scores have been calculated. Implementing a value engineering process is challenging, and it needs much effort and many brainstorming sessions to be achieved. Therefore, this study has proposed a framework to automate the value engineering process and integrate it into selecting building materials. Moreover, this process was accelerated and facilitated by using innovative computer technology such as building information modeling (BIM) that has been widely used in the architecture, engineering, and construction industry. The scientific paper touched on determining the evaluation of the elements of choosing the doors and determining the criteria affecting their quality by conducting a field survey with specialized engineers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to know the factors affecting the selection of doors. The scientific paper also reviewed the case study of a hospital buildingwhere the elements of the building's internal doors are chosen from among eight alternatives using the proposed evaluation processes. And then, chose the building information model as a database that facilitates information entry and selected from the available alternatives. The results were shown automatically and gave a summary of them. The research results showed the six most important criteria affecting the process of selecting interior doors for buildings: fire resistance, acoustic insulation, humidity resistance, aesthetic, durability, and maintenance. Based on this study, the best alternative for interior doors to buildings will be chosen from among the eight available alternatives. This methodology will make it easier for the decision-maker to choose the appropriate section according to the previous criteria.

Key words: Alternatives, factors, criteria, value engineering, BIM, fire resistance, acoustic insulation, humidity resistance, aesthetic, durability, maintenance.