Journal of
Clinical Medicine and Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Clin. Med. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2235
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCMR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 102

Full Length Research Paper

A pilot algorithm for grading gallbladder diseases

A. C. Ugwu
  • A. C. Ugwu
  • Department of Radiography, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Anambra State, Nigeria.Department of Anatomy, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
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O. F. Erondu
  • O. F. Erondu
  • Department of Physics, Rivers state University of Science and Technology, Rivers state, Nigeria.
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  • Article Number - 6A6618C3609
  • Vol.1(1), pp. 9-12, October 2009
  •  Accepted: 31 August 2009
  •  Published: 31 October 2009


The aim of this study is to grade the severity of gallbladder diseases using the Gallbladder Emptying Rate (GBER), which could indicate a rational treatment algorithm. The study design composed of five patients with gallbladder diseases, whose parameters were compared with a previous study of fifty healthy volunteers. Cholecystodynamic parameter (GBER) was derived by ultrasound assessment of gallbladder volumes during fasting and comparing it with post-prandial volumes obtained 20 min after an oral administration of 165 mls of cream milk. This model proposed 3 grades of gallbladder diseases among the patients studied. This proposed model could help in the grading of disease severity and management of gallbladder diseases.


Key words: Milk ultrasonography, cholecystokinetic agent, gallbladder disease, algorithm.