Journal of
Clinical Medicine and Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Clin. Med. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2235
  • DOI: 10.5897/JCMR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 104

Full Length Research Paper

Susceptibility of nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli and Candida albicans to some antimicrobial drugs routinely used in Adamawa State Hospitals, Nigeria

A. M. El-Mahmood1*, N. De1 and A. B. Alo2
1Department of Microbiology, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria. 2Department of Biological Sciences, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Federal University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 25 March 2010
  •  Published: 31 August 2010

Abstract

The presence of pathogenic Escherichia coliStaphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans causing nosocomial infections to hospitalized patients in four large State hospitals in Adamawa State was investigated for a period of two and half years. One hundred and sixty isolates of each organism were collected from clinical specimens obtained from patients admitted into the hospitals for reasons other than the infection caused by these organisms. Though from each hospital 160 isolates of each organism were collected, there were some variations in the proportions of isolates collected per site at p < 0.05 level of significance. For E. coli, 27.5% isolates were obtained from surgical wound and urinary tract sites. C. albicans was the most common organism associated with urinary tract (35 - 42.5%) and catheter site infections (20 - 25%). Majority of S. aureus isolates obtained were from skin and soft tissue infections (25 - 35%). Antimicrobial susceptibility tests of the isolates performed by the disk diffusion method gave variable results. In case of E. coli,resistance to ampicillin (80%) and tetracycline (82.5%) were particularly high in Specialist Hospital, Yola (SHY), than the other hospitals. The susceptibility data showed that S. aureus isolated from Specialist Hospital Yola (SHY) was resistant to penicillin (65%), ampicillin (77.5%) and tetracycline (72.5%). In this study, a significant number of isolates of C. albicans isolated from Specialist Hospital Yola (SHY), were resistant to miconazole (32.5%), nystatin (30%) and itraconazole (27.5%). The study showed that there are some microorganisms causing nosocomial infections and are not susceptible to some antimicrobial drugs commonly used in the hospitals in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Proportion of the isolates susceptible to antimicrobial drugs depend on the size of the hospital and the type of medical procedures performed in the hospital. 

 

Key words: Pathogenic, Adamawa State, nosocomial, infections, susceptibility, antimicrobial, resistant.