Journal of
Developmental Biology and Tissue Engineering

  • Abbreviation: J. Dev. Biol. Tissue Eng.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2251
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDBTE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 42

Full Length Research Paper

An investigation on cephalometric parameters in Iranian population

Esmaeilzadeh Mahdi*, Nejadali Abolfazl, Kazemzadeh Fariba and Borhani Mohammad
Basic Sciences Department, Nikshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Nikshahr, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 December 2011
  •  Published: 30 April 2012


Anthropometry is the biological science of human body measurement. Anthropometry is applied in medical profession such as maxillofacial surgery, growth and development studies, plastic surgery, bioengineering and non-medical branches such as like shoe-making and eye-glasses industries. The aim of this study was to determine Iranian cephalometric parameters and cranial and facial anthropometric ratios. This cross sectional analytical study was done randomly on 137 people from Nikshahr (Iran) with normal face patterns. Facial and cranial ratios was estimated and compared. Data was analyzed by SPSS software. The regression line and the growth coefficient were determined for each Parameter. Finally, the mean values of these parameters were determined. At birth, Iranian population have hypereuryprosopic face and hypercephalic cranium form. While getting older, the midface height increased, face became more prominent, chin became shorter and face and cranium changed to eurycephalic and hyperleptoprosopic forms, respectively. Due to the wide racial combinations in Iran, more studies, with wider sample size, should be conducted among different Iranian race.

Key words: Anthropometry, craniofacial, Nikshahr.