Journal of
Diabetes and Endocrinology

  • Abbreviation: J. Diabetes Endocrinol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2685
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDE
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 62

Full Length Research Paper

Non-adherence to selected self-care actions and its determinants among adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a tertiary hospital in Enugu State Nigeria

Hope Chizolum Opara
  • Hope Chizolum Opara
  • Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Agnes Nonyem Anarado
  • Agnes Nonyem Anarado
  • Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Chinenye Juliet Anetekhai
  • Chinenye Juliet Anetekhai
  • Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Peace Njideka Iheanacho
  • Peace Njideka Iheanacho
  • Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Ijeome Lewechi Okoronkwo
  • Ijeome Lewechi Okoronkwo
  • Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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Adaobi Lilian Obuekwu
  • Adaobi Lilian Obuekwu
  • Department of Nursing Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 31 July 2019
  •  Accepted: 07 January 2020
  •  Published: 29 February 2020

Abstract

The study determined the prevalence of non-adherence to medication, self monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG), clinic visits and the associated factors among out-patient type 2 adult diabetics at a tertiary hospital in Enugu State Nigeria. Using a descriptive cross-sectional design, 200 patients was purposively selected. Researcher-developed questionnaire was tool for data collection. Analysis was done in proportions, percentages and logistic regression (alpha level was P=0.05). Respondents’ mean age was 60.1±10.6; 88% were married and females were 63.5%. Overall prevalence of non adherence to drugs was 24.5%; that varied from 26.9 to 11.8% depending on drug combinations. Majority (57.5%) of the respondents had no glucometer for SMBG at home; 86.1% on oral hypoglycaemic agents did not monitor their blood glucose level 2-3 times weekly; 78.9% on injection insulin combined with tablets did not monitor their blood glucose level at least once daily. Non-adherents to clinic visits were 49.0%. Age <50 years (P= 0.006) and being married (P= 0.025) were associated with drug non-adherence. Cost of transportation (P= 0.000), discouraging attitudes of health workers (P= 0.003) and late commencement of clinic activities (P= 0.006) were associated with clinic visit non-adherence. There was non adherence to diverse self care activities among diabetic patients in this study therefore factors that contribute to non adherence should be addressed by healthcare providers. 

Key words:  Non-adherence, self-care actions, diabetic management regimen, adults with type 2 diabetes.