Journal of
Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

  • Abbreviation: J. Dent. Oral Hyg.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2472
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDOH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 137

Full Length Research Paper

Factors’ affecting mother’s brushing technique of less than five years age children in Pakistan

Nida Mubeen*
  • Nida Mubeen*
  • School of Public Health, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Google Scholar
Nighat Nisar
  • Nighat Nisar
  • Community Medicine, Dow International Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 05 April 2015
  •  Accepted: 15 May 2015
  •  Published: 30 June 2015


Proper tooth brushing technique may help to protect the accumulation of plaque and reduce the prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis in children. The mothers play an important role in uptake of encouraging dental health practices. A cross sectional study was conducted among mothers in Karachi, Pakistan from October to December, 2014. A total of 281 mothers were selected by using consecutive sampling technique. Data were collected by using a semi structured pretested questionnaire. Socio-demographic and behavioral factors related to brushing technique were identified by applying logistic regression model. Majority of these mothers (82%) were having improper brushing technique. After adjusting socio-demographic variables, the odds of having improper brushing technique among illiterate mothers were five times (AOR = 5.34, CI = 2.03 to 14.4) more as compared to literate mothers. The other factors that showed significant association in multivariate analysis were mothers who had house hold income <10,000 Pakistan rupees and mothers who had negative attitude regarding dental caries and oral hygiene. This study concluded that majority of these mothers were not aware about the proper technique of brushing teeth and factors affecting brushing techniques were identified as socioeconomic status and low level of education found significantly associated with behavioral practices.


Key words: Brushing technique, mothers, less than 5 years children, Pakistan.