Journal of
Dentistry and Oral Hygiene

  • Abbreviation: J. Dent. Oral Hyg.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2472
  • DOI: 10.5897/JDOH
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 136

Review

Miswak: The underutilized device and future challenges

Winarni Yasmin
  • Winarni Yasmin
  • Department of Periodontology and Community Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam, Malaysia.
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Haslinda Ramli
  • Haslinda Ramli
  • Department of Periodontology and Community Oral Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam, Malaysia.
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Aspalilah Alias
  • Aspalilah Alias
  • Department of Basic Sciences and Oral Biology, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Sains Islam, Malaysia.
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  •  Received: 26 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 14 October 2019
  •  Published: 31 October 2019

Abstract

There have been many studies on the practice of maintaining dental health. Although most people currently use a toothbrush to maintain the cleanliness of mouth, specific populations still used miswak as an alternative tool for oral health care. This study was designed to answer the future challenges of use of miswak as a tool to maintain oral health according to modern sciences. The history, features, function, modernization, and method in miswak were discussed in this article. The effect of miswak on periodontal health and antimicrobial has also been explained thoroughly in this article. Thus, miswak can be said to be a natural source of material that has many benefits in the improvement of oral health. The miswak extract has been modified and added in toothpaste, mouthwash, endodontic irrigation treatment, and for testing DNA. The miswak is used widely as a tool for brushing teeth and is like or better than a standard toothbrush.

Key words: Miswak, Salvadora persica, chewing stick, siwak