The computation of genetic distances of 55 human populations belonging to four great human races, based on proteic, enzymatic and blood group loci, and the construction of a dendrogram for these populations, distinguished some relationship among German, Slavic and Finnish-Ugric populations. According to the results, Russians cluster together with Poles, Iranians, Komi, Chuvashes, Udmurtians, Nentses and Ossetians; Germans cluster together with Serbs, Moldavians, Hungarians, Croatians and Czechs; and Greecs are in closeness with Slavic populations. Common migrations of these populations from places of first differentiation in Asia were identified. In Europe, German populations migrated differently than ancestors of Russians, which migrated into Europe across the North of Siberia. The ancestors of Germans probably migrated in the same way than Hunnu. Settlements of ancient Caucasoids in Central Asia are currently under investigation. Haplogroups H, W, I, U, X and T1, defined by mitochondrial DNA, of the rural Russian population in the Yaroslavsky region corresponded to that of Russians and Caucasoids. Additionaly, the last decoding of petrogliphs in the Baikal region discovered the presence of ancestors of Caucasoids in Siberia in paleolithic .
Key words: Human populations, genetic closeness, finnish-ugric, slave, Germanic populations, genetic distances, anthropological data.
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