Journal of
Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology

  • Abbreviation: J. Environ. Chem. Ecotoxicol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-226X
  • DOI: 10.5897/JECE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 189

Short Communication

Study on the effectiveness of five cleaning solutions in removing chlorpyrifos residues in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea)

M. F. M. Nowowi*
  • M. F. M. Nowowi*
  • Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Google Scholar
M. A. M. Ishak
  • M. A. M. Ishak
  • Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis Branch, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia.
  • Google Scholar
K. Ismail
  • K. Ismail
  • Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Google Scholar
S. R. Zakaria
  • S. R. Zakaria
  • Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang Branch, 26400 Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 30 December 2015
  •  Accepted: 24 February 2016
  •  Published: 31 July 2016


Agudelo RM, Pe-uela G, Aguirre NJ, Morató J, Jaramillo ML (2010). Simultaneous removal of chlorpyrifos and dissolved organic carbon using horizontal sub-surface flow pilot wetlands. Ecol. Eng. 36(10):1401-1408.


Aly N, EL-Gendy K, Mahmoud F, El-Sebae AK (2010). Protective effect of vitamin C against chlorpyrifos oxidative stress in male mice. Pestic. Biochem. Physiol. 97(1):7-12.


Dasika R, Tangirala S, Naishadham P (2012). Pesticide residue analysis of fruits and vegetables. J. Environ. Chem. Ecotoxicol. 4(2):19-28.


EL-Saeid MH, Selim MT (2013). Multiresidue Analysis of 86 Pesticides Using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometry: II-Non-leafy Vegetables. J. Chem. 2012:1-10.


Food Regulation (1985). Sixteenth Schedule, Regulation 41, Food Safety Information System of Malaysia (FoSIM), Ministry of Health Malaysia. 


Howard G (2012). Simple trick removes pesticides from your vegetables and fruits. Natural health. 


Hui X, Yi Q, Bu-zhuo P, Xiliu J, Xiao-mei H (2003). Environmental pesticide pollution and its countermeasures in China. AMBIO: J. Hum. Environ. 32(1):78-80.


Iizuka T, Maeda S, Shimizu A (2013). Removal of pesticide residue in cherry tomato by hydrostatic pressure. J. Food Eng. 116(4):796-800.


Ion I, Ion AC (2012). Determination of chlorpyriphos in broccoli using a voltammetric acetylcholinesterase sensor based on carbon nanostructure–chitosan composite material. Mater. Sci. Eng. C 32(4):1001-1004.


Keikotlhaile BM, Spanoghe P (2011). Pesticide residues in fruits and vegetables. InTech. pp. 243-252.


Kusvuran E, Yildirim D, Mavruk F, Ceyhan M (2012). Removal of chloropyrifos ethyl, tetradifon and chlorothalonil pesticide residues from citrus by using ozone. J. Hazard. Mater. 241(242):287-300.


Osman KA, Al-Humaid AI, Al-Redhaiman KN, El-Mergawi RA (2014). Safety methods for chlorpyrifos removal from date fruits and its relation with sugars, phenolics and antioxidant capacity of fruits. J. Food Sci. Tech. 51(9):1762-1772.


Singh BK, Walker A, Morgan JAW, Wright DJ (2003). Effects of Soil pH on the Biodegradation of Chlorpyrifos and Isolation of a Chlorpyrifos-Degrading Bacterium 69(9):5198-5206.


United State Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) (1986). Ambient Water Quality Criteria for Chlorpyrifos, Report, US, Washington, DC.


Watts M (2013). Chlorpyrifos, Pesticide Action Network Asia and the Pacific (April). 68 p.


Yu-shan SZ, Li XP, Liu HM, Zhang YK, Zhao FF, Yu Q (2013). Study on universal cleaning solution in removing blended pesticide residues in Chinese cabbage. J. Environ. Chem. Toxicol. 5(8):202-207.