Journal of
Economics and International Finance

  • Abbreviation: J. Econ. Int. Finance
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9812
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEIF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 363

Full Length Research Paper

Agricultural trade liberalization and food security in Nigeria

Usman Abdullateef* and Abdulgafar T. Ijaiya
  Department of Economics, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 October 2010
  •  Published: 31 December 2010

Abstract

 

It is a fact that the unilateral trade liberalization of 1986 did not produce any sustainable impact on the development of agriculture in Nigeria. It is however, not clear whether the Uruguay Round Agreements on Agriculture (URAA) and the optimism of the Doha Round and its Agenda (DRA) has done any better. Even then Nigeria’s external trade has been conducted within the framework of neutrality or open trade, consistent with the WTO provisions. This to a reasonable extent has engendered some sectoral as well as factoral effects. This paper investigates the effects of agricultural trade liberalization on food security in Nigeria. It is observed that in spite of the numerous policy measures to enhance food production, food demand has consistently outstripped supply with increasing number of people becoming more vulnerable. The paper proposed measures to mitigate the adverse effects of trade liberalization on domestic food security.

 

Key words: Nigeria, trade regimes, food security.