Journal of
Economics and International Finance

  • Abbreviation: J. Econ. Int. Finance
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9812
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEIF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 350

Full Length Research Paper

Impact of cocoa price shock on the bank profitability in Ghana

Ebenezer Okyere
  • Ebenezer Okyere
  • Department of Bank Supervision, Research and Policy, Bank of Ghana, Accra, Ghana.
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Alice Constance Mensah
  • Alice Constance Mensah
  • Departmennt of Mathematics and Statistics, Accra Technical University, Accra, Ghana.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 01 September 2021
  •  Accepted: 21 October 2021
  •  Published: 05 November 2021


Cocoa unrelentingly is a valuable crop and key foreign exchange earner in Ghana regarding other agricultural commodity exports. The focal drive of this study was to examine the impact of macroeconomic variables including cocoa price and bank specific characteristics on bank profitability during the period of 2010 to 2020. The study extends the analysis of cointegration, Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) with that of impulse response and provided a vigorous long run and short run dynamic effects on bank profitability. The study confirmed a negative relationship between coca price and bank profitability in the short run. The estimated error correction term shows convergence of banking sector profitability towards long-run equilibrium. The causality test results indicated that there is a unidirectional relationship running from cocoa price to Bank profitability. Thus, cocoa prices have a significant effect on bank profitability. The results raise issues for counter-cyclical policies, such as revenue and stabilization funds during cocoa price boom. Policy makers may thoughtfully consider the significance of cocoa price when framing policy regarding bank profitability among others.


Key words: Cocoa price, bank profitability, Vector Error Correction Model (VECM), impulse response, causality.