Journal of
Economics and International Finance

  • Abbreviation: J. Econ. Int. Finance
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9812
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEIF
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 358

Full Length Research Paper

Impact of VAT on economic development of emerging nations

Angus O. UNEGBU1* and David IREFIN2
  1Accounting Faculty, American University of Nigeria, Nigeria. 2Department of Economics, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 27 June 2011
  •  Published: 31 August 2011



This paper on the impact of value added tax (VAT) on economic and human developments of emerging Nations from 2001 to 2009 as VAT is becoming important source of revenue. Our scope of study centers on Adamawa State of Nigeria. Data were collected from both primary and secondary sources. Regression, discriminant analysis and ANOVA were used in testing the hypotheses. We found out that VAT allocations alone accounts for 91.2% of the variations in expenditure pattern of Adamawa State from and that VAT allocations to the State within the said periods were very significant. The facts obtained via secondary data attest to a very significant VAT impact on economic and human development of the State from 2001 to 2009 but data obtained from primary sources suggest minimum VAT impacts. We recommend for further research to be carried out on the spread of VAT impact on various aspects of economic and human developments among the administrative areas and that the governance of Adamawa State and other States of developing countries to ensure that revenue allocations especially VAT should not only have impact but should be perceived to impact positively on the economic and human developments by the citizens of that state.


Key words: Value added tax (VAT), economic and human development, emerging nations.