Journal of
Entomology and Nematology

  • Abbreviation: J. Entomol. Nematol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9855
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEN
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 122

Full Length Research Paper

Myrmecofauna of cocoa trees infested by Loranthaceae genus Phragmanthera in Sodecao seed fields of Nkoemvone (South of Cameroon)

Ondoua Joseph Marie
  • Ondoua Joseph Marie
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 63, University of Buea, Cameroon.
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Mony Ruth
  • Mony Ruth
  • Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 812, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon.
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Dibong Siegfried Didier
  • Dibong Siegfried Didier
  • Department of the Biology of Plant Organisms, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 24157, University of Douala, Cameroon.
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Ngotta Biyon Jacques Bruno
  • Ngotta Biyon Jacques Bruno
  • Department of the Biology of Plant Organisms, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 24157, University of Douala, Cameroon.
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Taffouo Victor Désiré
  • Taffouo Victor Désiré
  • Department of the Biology of Plant Organisms, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 24157, University of Douala, Cameroon.
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Kenne Martin
  • Kenne Martin
  • Department of the Biology of Animal Organisms, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 24157, University of Douala, Cameroon.
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Ekodeck Georges Emmanuel
  • Ekodeck Georges Emmanuel
  • Department of Geology, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 812, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon.
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  •  Received: 29 April 2016
  •  Accepted: 14 June 2016
  •  Published: 30 June 2016

Abstract

The present study was carried out in order to identify the ant fauna of cocoa fields leeched by Loranthaceae, genus Phragmanthera in Nkoemvone seed farms in the South region of Cameroon. The collection of ants was conducted between November 2013 and January 2014. A total of 15 ant species divided into two sub families (Formicinae and Myrmicinae) have been identified, the subfamily of Myrmicinae being the most represented with 8 genera and 13 species. Fourteen of the 15 ant species harvested, were found on infested cocoa trees. Tetramorium aculeatum has emerged as the most abundant ant species on infested cocoa trees with an index of Berger-Parker dominance equal to 0.32 and 0.34 for cocoa parasitized by Phragmanthera capitata and Phragmanthera nigritana, respectively.

Key words: Ants, inventory, cocoa plants parasitized, Loranthaceae, Cameroon.