Journal of
Entomology and Nematology

  • Abbreviation: J. Entomol. Nematol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9855
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEN
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 124

Full Length Research Paper

Screen house management of Meloidogyne javanica (Treub) in UC82B Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) with leaf extract of Jatropha curcas

Solomon Ifeayoluchi Ogwulumba
  • Solomon Ifeayoluchi Ogwulumba
  • Federal College of Agriculture Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
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Ijeoma Constance Ogwulumba
  • Ijeoma Constance Ogwulumba
  • Federal College of Agriculture Ishiagu, Ebonyi State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 29 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 14 December 2016
  •  Published: 30 June 2018

Abstract

Screen house experiment to determine the effect of the aqueous leaf extract of Jatropha on the control of Meloidogyne javanica infections on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) was conducted at Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu in, 2016. UC82B tomato was used as the test crop. The test crop was planted in pots filled with 5 kg sterilized soil. Each pot was inoculated with 3000 M. javanica eggs collected from the infected roots of begonia plant. The aqueous extract was used at three concentrations of 150, 300 and 450 g/l and applied to each pot with water as the control. The parameters evaluated were plant height (cm) and number of leaves at 50% anthesis, stem girth (cm), fruit weight (kg), number of galled roots and root gall index at harvest. The leaf extracts increased significantly (P<0.05) the plant height, number of leaves, stem girth and the fruit weight. There were significant (P<0.05) reductions in the number of galled roots and root gall indices with increase in the concentrations of the leaf extract. The extract at 450 g/l showed better potential in the control of M. javanica infections on tomato and could therefore be recommended to tomato farmers for trial under field conditions.

Key words: Inoculated, sterilized soil, test crop, galled roots.