Journal of
Entomology and Nematology

  • Abbreviation: J. Entomol. Nematol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9855
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEN
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 139

Full Length Research Paper

Genetic diversity of four populations of honey bee, Apis mellifera (Linnaeus, 1758) from two vegetation zones in Nigeria

Michael Olufemi Awodiran
  • Michael Olufemi Awodiran
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Temitope Esther Amoo
  • Temitope Esther Amoo
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Temitope Olatayo Kehinde
  • Temitope Olatayo Kehinde
  • Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 11 July 2020
  •  Accepted: 09 September 2020
  •  Published: 31 January 2021


Ajao AM, Oladimeji YU, Idowu AB, Babatunde SK, Obembe A (2014). Morphological characteristics of Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Kwara State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4(4):171-175.


Akinwande KL, Badejo MA, Ogbogu SS (2013). Challenges Associated with the Honey Bee (Apis Mellifera Adansonii) Colonies Establishment in South Western Nigeria. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 13(2):7467-7484.


Dukku HU (2016). Evaluation of morphometric characters of honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) populations in Nigeria. PeerJ PrePrints. 


Engel MS (1999). The taxonomy of recent and fossil honey bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Apis). Journal of Hymenoptera Research 8:165-196.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2018). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Why bees matter: the importance of bees and other pollinators for food and agriculture. Available at: 



Felsentein J (2014). PHYLIP (Phylogeny Inference Package) Version 3.695. Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle.


Franck P, Garnery L, Loiseau A, Oldroyd BP, Hepburn HR, Solignac M, Cornuet JM (2001). Genetic diversity of the honeybee in Africa: microsatellite and mitochondrial Data. Heredity 86:420-430.


Garnery L, Cornuet JM, Solignac M (1992). Evolutionary history of the honeybee A. mellifera inferred from mitochondrial DNA analysis. Molecular Ecology 1:145-154.


Hammer O, Harper D, Ryan P (2006). PAST- Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis version 1.58. Paleontologica Electronica 4(1):9.


Howpage D (1991). The apiculture development project of Sri Lanka. Journal of Beekeeping Development 19:10-11.


Lawal OA, Banjo AD (2010). Appraising the bee keeping knowledge and perception of pests' problem in beekeeping business at different ecological zones in South-Western Nigeria. World Journal of Zoology 5(2):137-142.


Marghitas LA, Paniti-Teleky O, Dezmirean D, Mărgăoan R, Bojan C, Coroian C, Laslo L, Moise A (2008). Morphometric differences between honey bees (Apis mellifera carpatica) populations from transylvanian area. Zootehnie si Biotehnologii 41(2):309-315.


Michener CD (2007). The Bees of the World. 2nd edition The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.


Nedic N, Jevtić G, Jež G, Anđelković B, Milosavljević S, Kostić M (2011). Forewing differentiation of the honey bees from Serbia. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry 27(3):1387-1394.


Nei M (1978). Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a smaller number of individuals. Genetics 89:583-590.


Oyerinde AA, Ande AT (2009). Distribution and impact of honey bee pests on colony development in Kwara State, Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences 5:85-88.


Oyerinde AA, Dike MC, Banwo OO, Bamaiyi LJ, Adamu RS (2012). Morphometric and landmark based variations of Apis mellifera L. wings in the savannah agro-ecological zone of Nigeria. Global Journal of Science Frontier Research 22:33-41.


Palmer MR, Smith D, Kaftanoglu O (2000). Turkish honeybees: genetic variation and evidence for a fourth lineage of A. mellifera mtDNA. Journal of Heredity 91:42-46.


Peakall R, Smouse PE (2006). GENALEX 6: Genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research. Molecular Ecology Notes 6:288-295.


Peakall R, Smouse PE (2012). GENALEX 6.5: Genetic analysis in Excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research- an update. Bioinformatics 28:2537-2539.


Ruttner F, Tassencouyt L, Louveaux J (1978). Biometrical statistical analysis of the geographic variability of Apis mellifera L. Apidologie 9:363-381.


Ruttner F (1988). Biogeography and Taxonomy of Honeybees. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag.


Smith DR (1991). Mitochondrial DNA and honeybee biogeography. Diversity in genus Apis, Westview Press, Oxford. pp. 131-176.


Sharma PC (1983). Morphometric studies on Apis florea F. and Apis dorsata F. of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. Thesis. Himachal Pradesh University, India.


Tahmasebi G, Ebadi R, Tajabadi N, Akhoundi M, Faraji S (2002). The effects of geographical and climatic conditions on the morphological variation and separation of Iranian small honeybee (Apis florea F.) populations. Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources 6(2):169-176.


Tunca RI, Kence M (2011). Genetic diversity of honey bee (Apis mellifera L.: Hymenoptera: Apidae) populations in Turkey revealed by RAPD markers. African Journal of Agricultural Research 6(29):6217-6225.


Whitfield CW, Behura SK, Berlocher SH, Clark EG, Johnston JS, Sheppard WS, Smith DR, Suarez AV, Weaver D, Tsutsui ND (2006). Thrice out of Africa: ancient and recent expansions of the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Science 314(5799):642-645.


Yu L, Xie W, Wu H, Zou Y, Nan Q, Zhu, L, Ji H, Wu Q (2012). Morphological characteristics and microsatellite DNA genetic diversity of Nigeria African honey bee, AnhuiApis mellifera and their hybrid generation II. Acta Ecologica Sinica 32:3555-3564.