Journal of
Entomology and Nematology

  • Abbreviation: J. Entomol. Nematol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9855
  • DOI: 10.5897/JEN
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 135

Full Length Research Paper

A survey of geographical distribution and host range of white mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) in Western Ethiopia

Ofgaa Djirata
  • Ofgaa Djirata
  • Department of Applied Biology, School of Applied Natural Science, Adama Science and Technology University, P. O. Box 54704, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Emana Getu
  • Emana Getu
  • Department of Zoological Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
R. Kahuthia-Gathu
  • R. Kahuthia-Gathu
  • Department of Biology and Technology, School of Agriculture and Enterprise Development, Kenyatta University, P. O. Box 43844-00100, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 13 December 2018
  •  Accepted: 06 June 2019
  •  Published: 31 July 2019


Abo-Shanab ASH (2012). Suppression of white mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis (Hemiptera: Diaspididae) on mango trees in El-Beheira Governorate. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 5:43-50.


Beardsley JW Jr, Gonzalez H (1975). The biology and ecology of armoured scales. Annual Review of Immunology 20:47-73.


Bezu T, Woldetsadik K, Tana T (2014). Production scenarios of mango (Mangifera indica L.) in Harari Regional State, Eastern Ethiopia. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal 3:59-63.


Cavieres LA, Penaloza A, Arroyo MK (2000). Altitudinal vegetation belts in the high-Andes of central Chile (33°S). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 73:331-344.


Chala A, Getahun M, Alemayehu S, Tadesse M (2014). Survey of mango anthracnose in southern Ethiopia and in-vitro screening of some essential oils against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. International Journal of Fruit Science 14:157-173.


Dako ODJ, Degaga EG (2015). Infestation of Aulacaspis tubercularis (Homoptera: Diaspididae) on mango fruits at different stages of fruit development, in western Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 5(18):34-38.


Dawd M, Hailegebriel B, Ayele L, Feleke K, Hailemariam S, Burka T (2012). White mango scale: a new insect pest of mango in western Ethiopia, In: Eshetu D, Asfaw Z, Lemma D, Zemedu W, Hailemikael KM, Getachew T, Yehenew G (eds.), Proceedings of 3rd Biennial Conference of Ethiopian Horticulture Science Society, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 257-267.


El-Metwally MM, Moussa SFM, Ghanim NM (2011). Studies on the population fluctuations and distribution of the white mango scale insect, Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead within the canopy of the mango trees in eastern of Delta region at the north of Egypt. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 4:123-130.


Erichsen C, Schoeman A (1992). Economic Losses Due to Insect Pests on Avocado Fruit in the Nelspruit/Hazyview Region of South Africa During 199. South African Avocado Growers' Association Yearbook, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.


Ethiomet, National Meteorology Agency of Ethiopia (2016). Agrometeorological bulletin, Available at: 



Ethiopian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (2009). Crop Variety Register Issue No. 12. Animal and Plant Health Regulatory Directorate, Addis Ababa.180p.


Fita T (2014). White mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis, distribution and severity status in East and West Wollega Zones, western Ethiopia. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal 3:1-10.


Fosaa AM (2004). Biodiversity patterns of vascular plant species in mountain vegetation in the Faroe Islands. Diversity and Distributions 10:217-223.


Germain JF, Vayssieres JF, Matile-ferrero D (2010). Preliminary inventory of scale insects on mango trees in Benin. Entomologia Hellenica 19:124-131.


Griesbach J (2003). Mango Growing in Kenya. World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi 122p.


Ha S, Mahmoud Y, Ebadah I (2015). Seasonal abundance, number of generations and associated injuries of the white mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis (Mangifera) (Newstead) (Homoptera: Diaspididae) attacking mango orchards. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences 6:1373-1379.


Habib T, Malik ZH, Hussain MA, Khan MQ (2011). Plant species diversity along the altitudinal gradient at Garhi Dopatta Hills, Muzaffarabad. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(20):5194-5196.


Haggag WM, Shabaan AM, Nasr AK, Abd El-Salam AME (2014). Integrated pest management for sustainable mango production. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research 29(2):276-282.


Hodges AC, Hodges GS, Wisler GC (2005). Exotic scale insects (Hemiptera:Coccoidae) and white flies (Hemiptera :Aleyrodidae) in Florida's tropical fruits: an example of the vital role of early detection in pest prevention and management. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society 118:215-217.


Hodges G, Hamon A (2016). White Mango Scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis Newstead (Coccoidea: Diaspididae). Pest Alert, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Pest Alert Division of Plant Industry, Pest Alert.


Honja T (2014). Review of mango value chain in Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare 4(25):230-239.


Hurni H (1998). Agroecological Belts of Ethiopia Explanatory Notes on Three Maps at a Scale of 1:1,000,000: Research Report. University of Bern, Bern.


Hussen S, Yimer Z (2013). Assessment of production potentials and constraints of mango (Mangifera indica) at Bati, Oromia Zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research 11(1):1-9.


Kataria R, Kumar D (2012). Occurrence and infestation level of sucking pests: aphids on various host plants in agricultural fields of Vadodara, Gujurat (India). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 2(7):1-6.


Magsig-Castillo J, Morse JG, Walker GP, Bi JL, Rugman-Jones PF, Stouthamer R (2010). Phoretic dispersal of armoured scale crawlers (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). Journal of Economic Entomology 103(4):1172-1179.


Malumphy C (2014). An annotated checklist of scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) of Saint Lucia, Lesser Antilles. Zootaxa 3846(1):69-86.


Mody K, Unsicker SB, Linsenmair KE (2007). Fitness related diet-mixing by intraspecific host-plant-switching of specialist insect herbivores. Ecology 88(4):1012-1020.


Nabil HA, Shahein AA, Hammad KAA, Hassan AS (2012). Ecological studies of Aulacaspis tubercularis (Diaspididae: Hemiptera) and its natural enemies infesting mango trees in Sharkia Governorate. Egyptian Academic Journal of Biological Sciences 5:9-17.


Nobre PAF, Bergamini LL, Lewinsohn TM, Jorge LR, Almeida-Neto M (2016). Host-plant specialization mediates the influence of plant abundance on host use by flower head-feeding insects. Environmental Entomology 45(1):171-177.


Pratt CF, Constantine KL, Murphy ST (2017). Economic impacts of invasive alien species on African smallholder livelihoods. Global Food Security 14:31-37.


Satti AA (2011). Alien insect species affecting agriculture and natural resources in Sudan. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America 2:1208-1221.


Tucho A, Lamessa F, Berecha G (2014). Distribution and occurrence of mango anthracnose, Colletotrichum gloiesporioides Penz and Sacc) in humid agro-ecology of southwest Ethiopia. Plant Pathology Journal 13(4):268-277.


United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (2006). Importation of Fresh Mango Fruit (Mangifera indica L.) from India into the Continental United States: a Qualitative, Pathway-Initiated Pest Risk Assessment. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.


United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (2007). Evidence-based, Pathway-Initiated Risk Assessment of the Importation of Fresh Longan, Dimocarpus longan Lour., from Taiwan into the United States. United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA.


Velasco LRI, Walter GH (1993). Potential of host-switching in Nezara viridula (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) to enhance survival and reproduction. Environmental Entomology 22(2):326-333.


West SA, Cunningham JP (2002). A general model for host plant selection in phytophagous insects. Journal of Theoretical Biology 214(3):499-513