Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 360

Full Length Research Paper

Phytosociology of some weeds of wheat communities around Kotli fields, Western Himalaya

Zahid Hussain Malik*, Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Sidra Rafique and Nafeesa Zahid Malik
Department of Botany, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir Muzaffarabad, Pakistan.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 13 July 2012
  •  Published: 30 November 2013

Abstract

There were ten plant communities of weeds in wheat fields of Kotli. The communities were Euphorbia-Desmostachya-Coronopus, Parthenium-Galium-Taraxacum, Zanthium-Bidens-Bothriochloa, Silybum – Amaranthus-Avena, Ranunculus-Silybum-Imperata, Oxalis-Cannabis–Vicia, Calendula-Fimbristylis-Desmodium, Taraxacum-Geranium-Poa, Phalaris-Geranium-Cynoglossum and Themeda-Cardus-Urtica. The soil texture differs from loam to clay loam, loam and sandy loam with basic pH. Organic matter was high in all the communities; saturation varied from 30 to 51%, Nitrogen differed from 0.53 to 0.87%, Phosphorus from 9 to 16 ppm, Potassium from 256 to 768 ppm; electrical conductivity varied from 2.3 to 5.6.

Key words: Kotli fields, plant communities, weeds.

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