There were ten plant communities of weeds in wheat fields of Kotli. The communities were Euphorbia-Desmostachya-Coronopus, Parthenium-Galium-Taraxacum, Zanthium-Bidens-Bothriochloa, Silybum – Amaranthus-Avena, Ranunculus-Silybum-Imperata, Oxalis-Cannabis–Vicia, Calendula-Fimbristylis-Desmodium, Taraxacum-Geranium-Poa, Phalaris-Geranium-Cynoglossum and Themeda-Cardus-Urtica. The soil texture differs from loam to clay loam, loam and sandy loam with basic pH. Organic matter was high in all the communities; saturation varied from 30 to 51%, Nitrogen differed from 0.53 to 0.87%, Phosphorus from 9 to 16 ppm, Potassium from 256 to 768 ppm; electrical conductivity varied from 2.3 to 5.6.
Key words: Kotli fields, plant communities, weeds.
Copyright © 2019 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0