Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 355

Full Length Research Paper

Nest Characteristics for the Conservation of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon

Simon A. Tamungang
  • Simon A. Tamungang
  • Department of Basic Sciences, College of Technology, University of Bamenda, PO Box 2164, Bamenda, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Ghislain P. N. Kougoum
  • Ghislain P. N. Kougoum
  • Department Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Maroua, PO Box 814, Maroua, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Alexis Teguia
  • Alexis Teguia
  • Department of Physiology and Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, PO Box 222, Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 17 July 2016
  •  Accepted: 10 August 2016
  •  Published: 30 September 2016

Abstract

The study was initiated to gather data on nest preferences of the Grey Parrot in Cameroon. Knowledge on nesting preferences of the parrot can be implemented in the field and captivity to improve on the breeding of Grey Parrots. The Kom National Park-Mengame Gorilla Sanctuary complex was chosen as a representative site in the country. A total of 40 sample plots of size 200 m x 200 m were randomly established and distributed to represent major vegetation types in the area. Line transects were established in each sample plot and data on nest characteristics were collected along them. Results revealed that nests were found in 14 tree species belonging to 12 families with high preferences for Terminalia superba (84%). Nest density varied between 0.23 to 0.45 nests/ha in various vegetation types and the highest density was recorded in the secondary forest. Nests entrance varied with a mean length of 13.2 ± 6.0 cm and a majority of them were rounded (85.42%) in shape. Nest concealment varied with tree height, 35.4 ± 6.1 m); trunk diameter, 90.8 ± 23,6 cm; height of nest from the ground 22.1 ± 6.4 m and canopy diameter,18.0 ± 6.1 m. Most nests of Grey Parrots were found in secondary forest (32.72%). The Grey Parrots tolerated degraded vegetation with suitable nests in nearby villages and were not, threatened through hunting and poaching activities from villagers. It strongly recommended that, villagers should learn to co-habitat with the Grey Parrot in their villages to enhance long-term survival of the bird species in the wild.

 

Key words: Grey Parrot, Psittacus erithacus, grey parrot nest, nest site, nest characteristics, parrot conservation.