Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 356

Review

Population-based theories as an approach to natural resources management in developing countries: A narrative review of Machakos District in Kenya

Ishmael Bobby Mphangwe Kosamu
  • Ishmael Bobby Mphangwe Kosamu
  • University of Malawi - The Polytechnic, Private Bag 303, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Wouter T. de Groot
  • Wouter T. de Groot
  • Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Leiden University, P.O. box 9518,2300 RA Leiden, Netherland.
  • Google Scholar
Ansley Kasambara
  • Ansley Kasambara
  • University of Malawi - The Polytechnic, Private Bag 303, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Chikumbusko Chiziwa Kaonga
  • Chikumbusko Chiziwa Kaonga
  • University of Malawi - The Polytechnic, Private Bag 303, Chichiri, Blantyre 3, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Patrick S. Kambewa
  • Patrick S. Kambewa
  • University of Malawi, P.O. Box 280 Chancellor College, Zomba, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Nagoli
  • Joseph Nagoli
  • World Fish Centre, P.O Box 299, Zomba, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 10 May 2016
  •  Accepted: 25 August 2016
  •  Published: 31 October 2016

Abstract

Many human societies across the world have collapsed or almost gone into extinction because of the scarcity of natural resources. Others however, have survived by either migrating to seek for natural resources elsewhere or by transition and/or adaptation to new environmental conditions. This narrative review paper examines how a society of Machakos District in Kenya has managed to escape from a potential collapse driven by natural resources’ scarcity. The review found that most societies in developing countries have failed to: (i) successfully repack natural resources management information into stories that motivate collective action, and (ii) invest in institutional improvement, innovation and technological changes through the influence of political leaders and economic elites. This paper recommends that for developing countries to successfully avoid societal collapse due the scarcity of natural resources, there is need to follow similar pathways like the society of the Machakos District in Kenya.

Key words: Natural resources management, developing countries, societal collapse, population growth, Malthus, Geertz, Boserup.